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AUSTRALIAN REFERENCED SHIPWRECK BOOKS
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND READING LIST

This READING GUIDE list represents a number of books used as  references for the book  ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AUSTRALIA SHIPWRECKS.

The section provides a guide to the most important published secondary references, by location within state, and within general maritime and historical categories. It will enable the reader to seek further specific information from the best refernces, based on a geographic area, or a particular subject. It includes those books referenced within the encyclpedia, and others not referenced, but nevertheless significant, as listed in the bibliography (below). As with the general biography, it is a not a comprehensive list although every endeavour has been made to include those titles refering significantly to Australian shipwrecks. The reference code used in the ship listing in the Encyclopedia has been retained. Those books not having a code have not been referenced for the ship listing.  The listing is generally in three groups, with the first being the most significant secondary references, followed by a group of useful references, and finally those with only general use within the category. New titles and older books missed have been added as time permits. 

AUSTRALIAN SHIPWRECKS
Those secondary references which cover the whole of Australia.
The six-volume Australian Shipwrecks set was commenced in 1972 by Charles Bateson, and continued by Jack Loney through the next four volumes. Volume Six was published in 2000, after the death or Jack Loney, and is based on his original manuscript with additional material by Peter Stone. Although this is the only full volume set on Australian Shipwrecks, it would not be correct to suggest that they are the definitive work. As  may be noted on the entries in this Encyclopedia, quite a few ship entry details have been ammended later  by other authors, particularly by those researchers who have concentrated on a narrower, more specific, geographical region. Even within Loney's five volumes there are contradictions as Loney researched and recorded further details. Remember that authors researching and writing before about 1992 did not have the benefit of a personal computer to keep track of their research material. 

Australian Shipwrecks, Volume 1, 1622-1850. Charles Bateson. [AS1] 
Australian Shipwrecks, Volume 2,  (1851 - 1871).  Jack Loney. [AS2] 
Australian Shipwrecks, Volume 3, (1871 - 1900).  Jack Loney. [AS3] 
Australian Shipwrecks, Volume 4,  (1901-1986).  Jack Loney. [AS4] 
Australian Shipwrecks, Volume 5,  (1622-1990 Update).  Jack Loney. [AS5] 
Australian Shipwrecks, Volume 6, The Australia Run. Jack Loney & Peter Stone. [AS6] 

The following books cover 'the whole of Australia', but are selective in their entries, and hence generally provide more detail per entry. The exception is Captain F. Rhodes' Pageant of the Pacific, which provides just brief entries for Australian and New Zealand vessels over two volumes. All are respected researchers and authors. 

Australia's Worst Shipwrecks.  Chris Halls. [CH]
Murder Mayhem Fire & Storm - Australian Shipwrecks. Max Jeffreys. [MJ] 
Pageant of the Pacific. Being the Maritime History of Australasia. Captain F. Rhodes. 
Shipping Losses and Casualties Concerning Australia and New Zealand.  Ron Parsons. [RPS]
Shipwrecks and Sea Tragedies, Australian and New Zealand.Hugh Edwards. [HES] 
Shipwrecks - Australia's Greatest Maritime Disasters. Evan McHugh.  [EM]

Within the following list are also publications that cover 'the whole of Australia', with selected entries, but  the detail is either minimal, specialist (perhaps a paricular theme such as war), general in that shipwrecks are only part of the whole, or in some instances, may not have been as well researched as perhaps they could have been. Some may be listed in other categories which better reflect their value. The two Parson's publications are listed here only bcause they are predominantly photographic essays. 

An Atlas History of Australian Shipwrecks. J.K. Loney. [LAH] 
Australian Sea Mysteries. Jack Loney. [LSM] 
Australian Sea Stories. Jack Loney. [LST] 
Australia's Island Shipwrecks.  Jack Loney and Peter Stone. [LI]
Coast of Tragedy. Frank S.Greenop. [FGC] 
Cyclone. Hector Holthouse. [HHC] 
Dive Australia, 4th edition. Peter Stone. [PSD] 
Forgotten Fleet 2. Bill Lunney and Ruth Lunney. [BLF] 
Forgotten Fleet. Bill Lunney and Ruth Lunney. [BLF1]
Hazards of the Sea. Captain John Noble. [JNH] 
High and Dry - Visible Wrecks and Wreckage in Australian Waters.  Peter Stone and Jack Loney. [LH]
Lost Treasures in Australia and New Zealand. Kenneth W. Byron.  [KBL] 
Maritime Archaeology in Australia. Graeme Henderson. [GHM] 
Most Perfectly Safe: the Convict Shipwreck Disasters of 1833-42. G.A.Mawer.   [GMM] 
Sail in the South - The Great Days of Sail around Australia and New Zealand. Ronald Parsons. 
Steamers in the South - The Great Days of Steam around Australia and New Zealand. Ronald Parsons. 
The Last Grain Race. Eric Newby. [EN]
This Rugged Coast - Adventures Around Australia's Coastline. Ben Cropp. [BC]
True Australian Sea Stories. Jack Millar. [JMT] 
Wrecks in Australian Waters. Jack Loney. 

CONVICT SHIPS
The amount of material written about the colonisation of Australia is enormous. Convict ships play a large part of course in the European settlement of Australia, and feature in many popular publications. Of the following books, Bateson is the more factually detailed of the First, Second and Third Fleets and subsequent voyages, however Hughes is the more interesting read. All books have been referenced for this Encyclopedia. 

Most Perfectly Safe: the Convict Shipwreck Disasters of 1833-42. G.A.Mawer.   [GMM] 
The Fatal Shore. Robert Hughes. [RH]. 
The Convict Ships 1787-1868. Charles Bateson. [CBC] 
The Floating Brothel. Sian Rees. [SR]
Vanished Fleets. Sea Stories from Old Van Diemen's Land. Alan Villiers.  [VVF] 

COASTAL GEOGRAPHY AND NAVIGATION
A complete set of 'Australian Pilot' is a valuable addition to any maritime researcher's library, and are readily available from specialist 'boat book' shops and the larger marine dealers.  Wrecks are only briefly mentioned, and only insomuch as they are a hazard to navigation (occassionally they may be an aid to navigation if still visible, but rarely so). The following brief listing are those titles used, and found useful, by the author, but of course the list is far from comprehensive. 

A History and Description of Sydney Harbour.  P.R.Stephensen. 
Australian Pilot. Various volumes and editions. 
Capes and Captains - A Comprehensive Study of the Australian Coast. Rainer Radok. 
Cruising the Coral Coast. Alan Lucas. 
Cruising the New South Wales Coast. Alan Lucas. 
Gazetter of Sydney Shipping, 1788-1840.  Ian Hawkins Nicholson. 
Ghost Ports of Australia. Jeff Toghill. 
Ports of the World. Sir Archibald Hurd, (ed). 
Sailing Directions - Victoria including Bass Strait. 
Sailing Directions and Other Information for the Ports and Harbours of Queensland. 
Seaport Gateways off Australia. James Bird. 
The Mariner's Handbook. 

DUTCH WRECKS
The Dutch wrecks, mainly the Batavia, Vergulde Draek, and Zutydorp, have been well documented.  See also under Maritime Arcaeology. 
Batavia's Graveyard. Mike. Dash [MDB] 
Carpet of Silver. The Wreck of the Zuytdorp. Phillip Playford. [PPZ] 
Doits to Ducatons - The Coins of the Dutch East IndiaCompany ship Batavia. S.J.Wilson. [SW] 
Islands of Angry Ghosts.  Hugh Edwards. [HEI] 
Marooned. The Wreck of the Vergulde Draeck. James A.Henderson.   [JH]. 
Papers From the First Southern Hemisphere Conference on Maritime Archaeology. [MAC] 
Sailormen's Ghosts. The Abrolhos Islands. Malcolm Uren. [MU] 
The First and Last Voyage of the Batavia. Philippe Godard.  [PG] 
The Gilt Dragon Incident. James H. 'Harry' Turner. [HT] 
The Voyage of the Batavia. Francois Pelsaert. 
The Wreck of the Zuytdorp. P.E. Playford. [PPW]
The Wreck on the Half Moon Reef. Hugh Edwards. [HEZ] 
Treasure Lies Buried Here. Frank H. Goldsmith  .[FG] 
Treasures, Tragedies and Triumphs of the Batavia Coast. Max Cramer . [MCT] 
Voyage to Disaster - The Batavia Mutiny. Henrietta Drake-Brockman. [HDB]

GLOSSARY - TERMINOLOGY
There are a great number of publications which attempt to describe the thousands of unique marine terms used by sailors and anyone involved in the sea over the past millenia. A good maritime dictionary is invaluable to anyone interested in maritime research and understanding. Arguably the most popular and useful is that published by Brown, Son & Ferguson of Glasgow in 1920, with many subsequent editions, and may well be still in print. William Falconer's Falconer's Marine Dictionery was origiannly publsihed in 1769, with may reprints until 1815, and was revived by publishers David & Charles of London in 1970. 
A Dictionery of Sea Terms. Brown, Son & Ferguson, Glasgow.
Falconer's Marine Dictionery. William Falconer. 
Nautical Terms Under Sail. Country Life Books, London, 1978. 
Oceans and Marine Dictionary. David F. Tver.
The Lore of Ships. A.B.Nordbok. 
The Mariner's Dictionary. Gershom Bradford. 

LOCAL HISTORY
Local histories of coastal towns and provinces are a valuable source of maritime incidents.

Bar Dangerous. A Maritime History of Newcastle. Terry Callin. [TC] 
By These We Flourish. A History of Warrnambool. C.E.Sayers. [CS] 
First Visitors to Heard Island. Max. Downes.  [MD] 
First Visitors to Bass Strait.  J.S.Cumston.  [JCF] 
Macquarie Island.  J.S.Cumston. [JCM]
Maritime Albany Remembered. Les Douglas et al. [GMR] 
Pathways to Progress. A History of Gladstone. W.R.Golding. [WG] 
Phillip Island. Compiled by Joshua Wickett Gliddon. [PI] 
Port of Many Prows. (Williamstown). Wilson P. Evans. [WEP] 
The Chronicles of Early Melbourne. Reprint. Originally published 1888. 
The History of Warrnambool. Richard Osburne. [RO] 
The History of Port Macdonnell. Rosamund Duruz.  [RD] 
The Torres Strait - People and History. John Singe. 
The Furneaux Group. Bass Strait. Richard Murray Fowler. [RF] 
The Historic Tamar Valley. J.G.Branagan.  [JBT]
The King Island Story. R.H.Hooper. [RHK] 
Wide Sails and Wheat Stacks. A History of Port Victoria. Rhoda Heinrich.  [RHW] 

MARITIME ARCHAEOLOGY.
This is a relatively recent discipline in history studies in Australia, commencing in the 1970s in Perth with the study of the Dutch wrecks off the Western Australian coast by the WA Musuem. All states of Australia now have a trained maritime archaeologist on staff of a museum or 'heritage' office within the government. Of course, not all Australian shipwrecks warrant a formal maritime archaeology study or excavation, even though most are protected by the Historic Shipwreck Act, but an understanding of the disciplines of maritime archaeology will lead to a great appreciation of the need to protect and study historic shipwrecks. The following titles do not necessarily cover the dicipline of maritime archaeology.

A History of Marine Engineering.  John Guthrie. 
Department of Maritime Archaeology, W.A.Museum: Projects, Programmes and Publications. [DMA]
Excavation of the Barque Day Dawn. Mike McCarthy.  [MMD]
Iron Ships & Steam Shiprecks. Mike McCarthy, editor. [MMI] 
Maritime Archaeology in Australia. Graeme Henderson. [GHM] 
Maritime Archaeology - A Technical Handbook. Jeremy Green. 
Papers From the First Southern Hemisphere Conference on Maritime Archaeology. [MAC] 
The Barque Eglinton. Myra Stanbury. [MSE] 
The Sirius - Past and Present. Graeme Henderson & Myra Stanbury.  [GHS] 
MACQUARIE ISLAND
An Errand of Mercy - Captain Jacob Eckhoff , Loss of the Kakanui .  Redmer Ysk. [RY] 
Macquarie Island.  J.S.Cumston. [JCM]

MARITIME HISTORY
This is but a small selection of publications on Australia'a maritime history, but each has provided valuable information within its own speciality. 

A Maritime History of Australia. John Bach.  [JBM] 
And Their Ghosts May Be Heard. Rupert Gerritsen. [RGG] 
Cargo for the Colony. Michael Nash. [MN] 
Doits to Ducatons - the coins of the Dutch East IndiaCompany. S.J.Wilson.  [SW] 
Dutch Discoveries of Australia. J.P.Sigmond & L.H.Zuiderbaan. 
Hazard Unlimited - The Story of Lloyd's of London. Antony Brown. 
Hazards of the Sea. Captain John Noble. [JNH] 
His Majesty's Bark Endeavour.  Antonia Macarthur. [AME] 
Island Nation. A History of Australian and the Sea.  Frank Broeze.  [FB] 
Lloyd's Register of Shipping 1760-1960. George Blake. 
Looking for La Perouse - D'Enterecasteaux in Australia and the South Pacific1792-1793. Frank Horner.
Maritime Australia. Jack Loney. [LMA]
North Star to Southern Cross. The Story of the Australasian Seaways. John M. Maber. [JMS] 
Opening The Oceans. Olaf Ruhen. 
Southern Passages - A Maritime History of South Australia. Ronald Parsons. [RPP] 
Terra Australis. Matthew Flinders. [TA] 
The Great South Sea. English Voyages and Encounters 1570-1750. GlyndwrWilliams. [GW] 
The Indian Ocean. Stanley Rogers. [SRI] 
The Indian Ocean. Alan. Villiers. 
The Life of George Bass. Miriam Estensen. [ME]
The Seahorse and the Wanderer. Marion Diamond. [MDS] 
The Secret Discovery of Australia. Kenneth Gordon McIntyre. [KM] 
The Voyage of the Investigator 1801-1803, Commander Matthew Flinders.  K.A.Austin.  [KA]
Through the Rip. 'Ships and Seamen of Old Port Phillip'. Wilson P. Evans. [WE] 

MURRAY RIVER SYSTEM
The Murray-Murrumbidgee-Darling river system deserves a place in Australia's maritime history. There have been many books written on the settlers and pioneers, the river trade, the colourful captains and crew, and the mighty river system itself. 

Historic Shipping on the Murray River - Archaeological Resources.  Sarah Kenderdine. 
Old Riverboats of the Murray. David Smyth. 
Paddlesteamers and Riverboats of the River Murray. Peter Christopher. 
River Rich. Allan Morris. 
Ships of the Inland Rivers. Ronald Parsons. [RPM]
The Murray River's Paddle Steamers and Bullockies. Frank Tucker.  [FT] 
Wrecks Along the Murray. Jack Loney. [LM] 

NEW SOUTH WALES
Loney is the only one to cover the full NSW coast in one volume. The Shipwreck Atlas is more of a listing than a reference book. Byron, Berry and Gleeson cover a smaller geographic region of the New South Wales coast. Byron is excellent for current state of the wrecksite and diving information. Gleeson is excellent for its research and comprehensive material with about thirty ships mentioned in each of his three volumes. 

Shipwreck Atlas of New South Wales. SAN 
Wrecks on the New South Wales Coast. Jack Loney. [LN]

A Guide to Southern New South Wales Shipwrecks. Tom Byron. [BWN]
Destination Never Reached. Max Gleeson. [MGD] 
Shipwrecks of the New South Wales Central Coast. Volume 1. 1800-1899. Greig Berry. [GB]
Shipwrecks, Storms & Seamen of the New South Wales Coast. Max Gleeson. [MGS] 
The Vanished Fleet of the Sydney Coastline. Max Gleeson. [MGV] 

The following titles have been useful references. Those books (and booklets) relevant to just the one or two specific ships tend to be well researched and detailed. The three Bryron titles are excellent for wrecksite detail. 

Bar Dangerous. A Maritime History of Newcastle. Terry Callin. [TC] 
Ben Boyd's Ships. Jack Loney.  [LBB] 
Fast Company: the  Clipper Ship Walter Hood.  G.A.Mawer. [GMW]
Greycliffe - Stolen Lives. Steve Brew. [SBG] 
Manly Ferries of Sydney Harbour. Tom Mead.  [TMM]
RYS Wanderer, From Aristocrat to Tramp. A.B.Demaus. [AD]
Scuba Diving Guide to Southern New South Wales. Tom Byron. [BNS] 
Scuba Diving Guide to Northern New South Wales. Tom Byron. [BNN] 
Scuba Diving and Snorkelling Guide to Jervis Bay. Tom Byron. [BJB] 
The Fatal Lights -  Dunbar,and  Ly-ee-Moon. Tom Mead. [TM]
The Seahorse and the Wanderer. Marion Diamond. [MDS], 
The Shipbuilders of Brisbane Water NSW. Gwen Dundon. 
The Story of the Maitland. C. Swancott. 
The Walter Hood. Eunice Brady. [EB]
The Wreck of the Hazard. Jim Mackean. [JM]
Wreck of the Ly-Ee-Moon. Jack Loney.  [LLY] 

NEW ZEALAND
New Zealand shipwrecks are only included in this Encyclopedia if the vessel was in some way relevant to Australia.  Only a few of the following titles have been fully referenced for this Encyclopedia, however most have been used at times to verify details. Ingram's two publications are the most useful. 

Coasts of Treachery.  Eugene Grayland. [EG] 
Gold From the Sea. James Taylor. [JT]
Lost Treasures in Australia and New Zealand. Kenneth Byron. [KBL]
New Zealand Shipwrecks 1795-1970. C.W.N. Ingram. 
Niagara's Gold. Jeff Maynard.  [JMN]
Shipwrecks: New Zealand Disasters 1795-1936. C.W.N. Ingram & P.O. Wheatley. 
The Wreck of the General Grant. Keith Eunson. [KE]
The Wreck Book - Rediscovered New Zealand Shipwrecks. Steve Locker-Lampson & Ian Francis. 
The Wahine Disaster. Max Lambert and Jim Hartley. [ML] 
The Elingamite and its Treasure. Wade Doak. [WD] 

NORTHERN TERRITORY

Sensuikan I-124 - (Japanese Navy Fleet Submarine).  Tom Lewis. [TLI]
Wrecks in Darwin Waters. Tom Lewis. [TL] 
Wrecks on the Western Australian Coast. (Includes Northern Territory). Jack Loney. [LW] 

OVERSEAS - GENERAL
With the exception of just one, all of these books have been referenced for this Encyclopedia and contain shipreck material relevant to Australia. Ships of the World by Paine is an exceptional book covering the more 'famous' of the ships through the ages, many of which were lost to shipwreck, and a few relevant to Australia. 

Dictionary of Disasters At Sea During the Age of Steam. Charles Hocking.. [CHD]
Ships of the World. Lincoln Paine. [PSW]
The Book of Shipwrecks.  Hudson, Kenneth & Ann Nicholls. 

Australian Shipwrecks , Volume 6, The Australia Run. Jack Loney and Peter Stone. [AS6] 
Bound for Australia. The Loss of the Emigrant Ship Tayleur.  Edward J. Bourke. [EBT] 
In the Heart of the Sea. (Whaler Essex). Nathaniel Philbrick.  [NP] 
Iron Clipper - Tayleur.  (Wrecked off the coast of Ireland). H.F. Starkey. [HS] 
Lakonia. (Loss of the line by fire off Madiera, North Atlantic. Geoffrey Bond. [GBL]
Posted Missing. Alan Villiers. [VPM] 
Strange Tales of the Seven Seas. J.G.Lockhart. [JL] 
The Bells of Sunda Strait. David Burchell. [DBS]
The Golden Wreck. (Wreck of the Royal Charter). Alexander McKee.  [AM]
The Great Iron Ship. (Life and loss of the Great Eastern). James Dugan. [JD] 
The Iron Ship. (Brunel's Great Britain).  Ewan Corlett. [EC] 
The Loss of the Trevessa. (Indian Ocean). Cecil Foster. [CF] 
The Return of the Great Britain. Richard Goold-Adams. [RGA] 
The Wreck of the Whaleship Essex. Lola Haverstick & Betty Shepard. [HSE] 
Without Trace. John Harris.  [JHW] 
Wreck of the London. Published 1866. 

PACIFIC
A complete bibliography of the Pacific would take up many volumes, and there are such publications. The majority following listed titles have been referenced for this encyclopedia. Pageant of the Pacific by Rhodes is the only reference that covers 'most' of the (southern) Pacific. See also titles listed under New Zealand. 

A History of Lord Howe Island. Max Nicholls. [MNL] 
Ahab's Trade. The Saga of  South Seas Whaling.  G.A.Mawer.  [GMA] 
Australian Hospital Ship Centaur. Christopher S. Milligan & John C.H. Foley. [CM] 
Australia's Island Shipwrecks.  Jack Loney and Peter Stone. [LI]
Cannibal Cargoes. Hector Holthouse. [HHB] 
From Hudson Bay to Botany Bay.  The Lost Frigates of Laperouse.  Russell C. Shelton. [RSL] 
Gold Fleet for California. Forty-Niners from Australia and New Zealand. Charles Bateson.  [CBG] 
Looking for La Perouse - D'Enterecasteaux in Australia and the South Pacific1792-1793. Frank Horner. 
Minerva Reef. Olaf Ruhen. [ORR] 
Pacific Islands Pilot. Published by the Hydrographer of the Navy. 
Pageant of the Pacific. Being the Maritime History of Australasia. Captain F. Rhodes. 
Rascals in Paradise. James A. Mitchener and A Grove Day. [JAM] 
Ship-wrecked in the Southern Seas - The story of the good ship 'Humboldt'. Captain William F. Powars. 
Ships Employed in the South Seas Trade 1775-1861. Ian Hawkins Nicholson. 
Shipwreck on Middleton Reef. Bill Belcher.  [BB] 
The Coral Sea. Alan Villiers. 
The Great South Sea. English Voyages and Encounters 1570-1750. GW Glyndwr Williams. 
The Sirius - Past and Present. Graeme Henderson & Myra Stanbury. [GHS] 
The Australian Presence in the Pacific - Burns Philp 1914-1946. K.Buckley & K. Klugman. 
The Lady and the President. The Life and Loss of the SS President Coolidge.  Peter Stone. [PSP]
The Wind Commands - Sailors and Sailing Ships in the Pacific. Harry Morton. 
They Came for Sandalwood.  Dorothy Shineberg. [DSS] 
Treasure Ships and Tropical Isles. Kenneth W.Byron.  [KB] 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA
The bibliography of Papua new Guinea is huge, however very few books make any mention of shipwrecks. The following have been used to compile this encyclopedia. Any mention of shipwrecks is generally to do with the Pacific war. 

Encyclopedia of Papua New Guinea. Ed. Peter Ryan. 
Forgotten Fleet.  Bill Lunney and Ruth Lunney. [BLF1] 
Forgotten Fleet 2. Bill Lunney and Ruth Lunney.  [BLF] 
Hostages to Freedom - the Fall of Rabaul. Peter Stone. [PSH] 
Mountains in the Clouds. Olaf Ruhen. [ORM] 
Spoils From the Sea. James Taylor.  [JTS]
The Last New Guinea Salvage Pirate. Fritz Herscheid. [FH] 
Wrecks and Reefs. Port Moresby. Neil Whiting.  [NW] 

PEARL DIVING
The texts used in the encyclopedia are as follows. There are many publications on the subject.
Forty Fathoms Deep. Pearl Divers and Sea Rovers in Australian Seas. Ion L.Idriess. [IF] 
Port of Pearls. Hugh Edwards. [HEP] 
The Price of A Pearl. Rod Dickson. [RDP] 

QUEENSLAND
With respect to the total coastline, Loney had it to himself for many years until Paterson released the first of what is expected to be several volumes, in 2003. Paterson has more detail than Loney as would be expected. The two different publications by Holthouse are also excellent. The two Torrance titles are fine general references for ships on and into the Brisbane River. Byron is an excellent reference for divers, and those interested in the actual wrecksite. Other titles listed are either very specific and detailed, or more general. Nicholson is very detailed and Matthews is a good read. 

Wrecks on the Queensland Coast. Jack Loney. [LQ] 
Wreck-Ollections, Ships and Shipwrecks in Queensland Waters. Vol 1. Lance Paterson. [SQ1] 
Wreck-Ollections, Ships and Shipwrecks in Queensland Waters. Vol 2. Lance Paterson. [SQ2] 
Ships in the Coral. Hector Holthouse. HH(1&2). (Two books). 

Australian Hospital Ship Centaur. Christopher S. Milligan and John C.H. Foley. [CM] 
Cook's Cannon and Anchor. Dennis Callegari. [DCC] 
Motor Ships of the Thirties. William Torrance. [WTM]
Mrs. Fraser on The Fatal Shore. (Stirling Castle). Michael Alexander.  [MA] 
Pandora's Last Voyage. Geoffrey Rawson. [GRP] 
Shipwreck of the New Guinea Gold Explorers.  (Brig Maria). Peter Maiden.
Steamers on the River. William Torrance.  [WTS] 
Stirling Castle and Yarragongartha. E.H.Earnshaw. 
SS Yongala - Townsville's Titanic. Max Gleeson. [MGY] 
The Floria, And Other Historic Pearling Luggers. Ron Edwards. [REF] 
The Quetta, Queensland's Worst Disaster. John C.H.Foley. [JF] 
The Wreck of the Deutschland. Gerard Manley Hopkins. 
The Wrecks of the Deutschland. Sean Street. 

Scuba Divers Guide Australia's Central Great Barrier Reef. Tom Byron. [BQC] 
Scuba Divers Guide to Australia's Southern Great Barrier Reef. Tom Byron.  [BQS] 
Scuba Divers Guide Cairns and Australia's Northern G.B.R. Tom Byron. [BQN] 

Cannibal Cargoes. Hector Holthouse. [HHB] 
Cyclone. Hector Holthouse. [HHC] 
Sailing with Flinders - Journal of Samuel Smith. (Porpoise and Cato). Samuel Smith.  [SS] 
Sailing Ships of Cairns Past and Present. Ron Edwards.  [RE] 
Shipwrecks and Seafarers' Scandals. Tony Matthews.  [TMS] 
Via Torres Strait. Ian Nicholson. [INT]

SALVAGE
Only Taylor's Spoils from Sea is concerned with salvage of vessels in Australian waters (and in Papua New Guinea), and together with his Gold From the Sea, documents the activities of Australian standard-dress diver Johnno Johnstone.  Stone, Herscheid and McDonnell refer predominantly to post-war salvage in Papua New Guinea. Gore's Marine Salvage is a superb general reference. Most books on shipwrecks around the Australian coast make mention of salvage only, without much detail of the salvage operation. 
Australian Salvors of World War 2. Captain R.J.F.McDonell. [RM] 
Gold From the Sea. JamesTaylor.  [JT]
Hostages to Freedom. Peter Stone. [PSH] 
Marine Salvage.  Joseph N. Gores. 
Niagara's Gold. Jeff. Maynard. [JMN]
Salvage Operations. Captain C.N.T. Baptist. 
Spoils From the Sea. JamesTaylor.  [JTS] 
The Last New Guinea Salvage Pirate. Fritz Herscheid. [FH]

SHIPPING ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES, LOGS
Very useful for verification of details. Nicholson's Log of Logs is a remarkable set, predominantly a bibliography of writings relevant to the vessels listed, a catalog of material to be found in Australian archives.  Nicholson's contribution to an accessible record of Australia's maritime history is extraordinary. 

Log of Logs. Three volumes.  Ian Nicholson. 
Shipping Arrivals and Departures. Graeme Broxam.
Shipping Arivals and Departures Tasmania Vols 1 and 2. Ian Hawkins Nicholson. 
Shipping Arivals and Departures Sydney 1788-1825. Ian Hawkins Nicholson. 
Shipping Arivals and Departures Sydney 1841-1844. Ian Hawkins Nicholson. 
Shipping Arrivals and Departures - Victorian Ports. Marten A. Syme.

SHIPS AND SHIPPING - AUSTRALIAN
A Log of Great Australian Ships. Graeme Andrews. [GA] 
A Maritime History of Australia.  John Bach. [JBM] 
Australia's Maritime Heritage. Graeme. Andrews. 
Australian Steamships Past and Present. Dickson Gregory. [DG] 
Australian Coastal Shipping. Barry Pemberton. 
Bass Strait Ketches. Harold Salter. 
Blue Gum Clippers and Whale Ships of Tasmania.  Will Lawson. [WLB] 
Cook's Cannon and Anchor. Dennis Callegari. [DCC] 
Down the Bay. The Story of the Excursions Boats of Port Phillip. T.K.Fitchett.  [TF] 
Duyfken - the Story of A Brave Ship & A Brilliant Replica.  Bob Campbell. 
Ferry to Tasmania. Peter Plowman. [PPT] 
His Majesty's Bark Endeavour. Antonia Macarthur. 
Hospital Ships. Rupert Goodman. [RG] 
Iron Ships & Steam Shiprecks. Mike McCarthy, editor. [MMI]
Ketch Hand - The Twilight of Sail in South Australian Waters. Ron Thiele. 
Lifeboats For Victoria. The Story of Lifeboats and their Crews in Victoria 1856-1979. Marten A. Syme.
Manly Ferries of Sydney Harbour. Tom Mead.  [TMM] 
Maritime Australia. Jack Loney. [LMA] 
North Coast Run - Men and Ships of the NSW North Coast. Mike Richards. [MR] 
North Head Goes South. Tom Mead.  [TMN] 
North Star to Southern Cross. The Story of the Australasian Seaways. John M. Maber. [JMS] 
Pacific Steamers. Will Lawson. [WL] 
Passenger Ships of Australia and New Zealand. Volume 1 & 2. Peter Plowman. 
Pioneer Shipping of Tasmania - Whaling, Sealing, Piracy, Shipwrecks, etc. L.Norman. 
Sailing Ships of the Tasman Sea. Jack Churchouse. 
Sailing Ships and Paddle Wheels and Other Gippsland Shipping. J.C.Bull.  [JB] 
Sea Wolves and Bandits.  L.Norman. 
Ships and Seafarers in Australian Waters. Max Colwell. [MCS] 
Ships That Shaped Australia. Jack Koskie. [JK] 
Ships That Passed - The Glorious Era of Travel to Australia and New Zealand. Scott Baty. 
Ships in Australian Waters. Peter J.Williams and Roderick Serle. [WSA] 
Storm & Silence. A Portrait of the Tasman Sea. Joe Cannon.  [JCS] 
Story of Gippsland Shipping. J.C.Bull & Peter J. William. [JBW] 
The Shipping History of the Bass Strait Crossing. David L. Hopkins. [DH] 
The Ships That Serve Australia and New Zealand. Volume One - Australian and New Zealand Flag Vessels. R.D.Fildes. 
The Tasmanian Trading Ketch.. Garry. Kerr.  [GK] 
The Vanished Fleet - Australian Coastal Passenger Ships 1910-1960. T.K.Fitchett.  [TFV]
Traders Under Sail. Captain James Gillespie.  [JG] 
Wide Sails and Wheat Stacks. A History of Port Victoria. Rhoda Heinrich. [RHW] 

SHIPS - CONSTRUCTION AND SAILING
All About Ships and Shipping. Edwin P. Harnack. 
Bound for Botany Bay. Narrrative of a Voyage in 1798 Aboard  Hillsborough. Frank Clune. [FC] 
Know Your Own Ship. Thomas Walton. 
Masting & Rigging - The Clipper Ship and Ocean Carrier. Harold A. Underhill. 
Practical Shipbuilding - Structural Design and Building of Modern Steel Vessels. A. Campbell Holms. 
Sailing Ship Rigs & Rigging. Harold A. Underhill. 
The Rise of the English Shipping Industry, in the 17th & 18th Centuries. Ralph Davis. 
The Convict Ships 1787-1868. CharlesBateson. [CBC] 
The Way of a Ship - The History of the Square-Rigged Sailing Ship. Alan Villiers,.
The Last Grain Race. Eric Newby.  [EN] 
There Was A Ship. Patsy Adam Smith. [PAS]
Where Ships are Born - Sunderland 1346 - 1946.  J.W.Smith. & T.S.Holden. 

SHIPS IN GENERAL
Lincoln Paine's Ships of the World has been a most valuable reference, as has the volumes by Lubbock. Kluda's is an excellent references but of little connection to Australia insofar as shipwrecks are concerned - fortunately. All other titles listed are also excellent references. 

Epics of the Square-Rigged Ships. Charles W. Domville-Fife. [CD]
Great Passenger Ships of the World. Five Volumes. Arnold Kludas. 
Men and Ships Around Cape Horn, 1616 - 1939. Jean. Randier. 
Ships of the World. An Historical Encyclopedia. Lincoln Paine.  [PSW] 
Ships. Frank C. Bowen.
Ships of the World. Lincoln Paine. [PSW] 
Square-Riggers - The Final Epoch, 1921-1958.  Alex. A. Hurst. 
The Champion of the Seas. Rod Fraser. [RFC]
The China Clippers. Basil Lubbock. 
The Colonial Clippers. Basil Lubbock. [BLA]
The Last of the Windjammers, Volumes 1 & 2. Basil Lubbock. 
The Last Tall Ships. Georg. Kahre. 
The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea. Peter Kemp. 
The Liberty Ships. L.A. Sawyer & W.H.Mitchell. 
The Search for the Kobenhaven. Tim Minto, and Eric Stevens. [TMK] 

SHIPPING LINES
A Hundred Year History of the P. & O. Company. 1837 - 1937. Boyd Cable. 
Blue Funnel - A History of Alfred Holt & Co of Liverpool, 1865-1914. Francis E. Hyde. 
Build A Fleet Lose A Fleet. Commonwealth Government Line. Captain R. McDonell. [RMB] 
Fitted for the Voyage. The Adelaide Steamship Company Limited. Michael Page. [MP] 
From Derby Round to Burketown. Australasian United Steam Nav. Co.Norman McKellar. [NM]
Painted Ports. The ships of Messrs Devitt & Moore. A.G.Course. 
Ships of the Blue Funnel Line. H.M. Le Fleming. 
Ships of the P. & O. A.G.Course.
Splendid Sisters. The Shaw Saville Liners Southern Cross & Northern Star. Alan Mitchell.
The Story of P. & O. David Howarth & Stephen Howarth. 
The Australian National Line 1956-1981. Robin Clark, Lindsay Rex and Doug Robertson. 
The Australian Presence in the Pacific - Burns Philp 1914-1946. K.Buckley & K. Klugman. 
The Line That Dared. A History of the Union Steam Ship Company. Gordon McLauchlan. [GMU] 
The Main Fleet of Burns Philp. Bruce A.Wilkinson & Ross K.Wilson. [BP] 
The Passage Makers. (The Black Ball Line). Michael Stammers. [SPM]
The White Star Line. (William Holyman & Son). W.H.Reinelt.  [WRW] 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA
Loney had South Australia pretty well much to himself till the 1990s when the (South Australia) Department of Heritage released several excellent publications of shipwrecks by locality, many superbly authored by Cossmos Coroneos. Christopher's database [PCD] is rather superficial in detail, with much based on Loney and not in any detail. Loney therefore remains the only author covering the whole state with some detail, with [LS] superseeding [LSA]. Chapman's Kangaroo Island Shipwrecks published in 1972 has long been respected as a definite work. Several other more specific publications, by Mudie and Sexton are also well received. Of the more general maritime publications, Parson's Southern Passages is superb, and Gillespie's Traders Under Sail a valuable contribution. 

South Australian Shipwrecks - A Data Base 1802-1989. Peter Christopher [PCD] 
Wrecks on the South Coast of South Australia  Jack Loney. [LSA] 
Wrecks on the South Australian Coast. Jack Loney. [LS] 

Admella. Published by J.K.Loney. [LA] 
Before the Wind.  'Star of Greece'. Rae Sexton. [RS] 
Conserving our Historic Shipwrecks. [GPSC]
Garden Island Ship's Graveyard.  Robyn Hartell & Nathan Richards. [GPSG] 
Investigator Strait. Maritime Heritage Trail. Terry Arnott. [GPSI] 
Kangaroo Island Shipwrecks. Gifford D. Chapman. [GC] 
Narrative of the Shipwreck of the 'Admella'. Samuel Mossman. 
Shipwrecks of Investigator Strait, Lower Yorke Peninsula. C.Coroneos & R.McKinnon. [GPSY] 
Shipwrecks of Encounter Bay and Backstairs Passage. Cossmos Coroneos. [GPSE] 
Shores of Tragedy (selected) Shipwrecks of South Australia. Peter Christopher.  [PCS] 
Strange Tales of the Seven Seas. (Chapter on the loss of the Ferret). J.G.Lockhart. [JL] 
The Shipwrecks of Port Elliot, 1853-1864. [JP]
The Tragic Shore. The Wreck of the Star of Greece. Geoffrey H. Manning, [GMS] 
To Save the Lives of Strangers - Famous Shipwrecks of S.A.. Peter Christopher.  [PCF] 
Wardang Island, Graveyard of Ships. [WI]
Wardang Island, Maritime Heritage Trail. [GPSW] 
Wreck of the Admella. Ian Mudie. [IM] 
Wrecks At Robe. Jack Loney. [LRO] 

Java - Voyage of the East Indiaman 'Java' with Emigrants to S.A. Stephen Barnett.  [SB] 
Ships That Passed - A Glimpse of South Australian Maritime. Ron Sexton. [RSS] 
Ships and Seamen off the South Coast. Jack Loney. [LSS] 
Southern Passages. A Maritime History of South Australia. Ronald Parsons. [RPP] 
The History of Port Macdonnell. Rosamund Duruz.  [RD] 
The Last Grain Race. Eric Newby. [EN] 
Traders Under Sail.  Captain James Gillespie.  [JG] . 
Wide Sails and Wheat Stacks. A History of Port Victoria.Rhoda Heinrich.  [RHW] 

TASMANIA
The two shipwreck volumes by Broxam and Nash are without doubt the finest of the state shipwreck records. Superbly researched and presented, they cover all vessels, including those lost off the Bass Strait Islands within the Tasmanian boundary from earliest days to 1999. These are the prime secondary references to Tasmania. As Broxam and Nash reference O'May, Wrecks in Tasmanian Waters offers little extra. Surprisingly, Loney has never published a single title covering all of Tasmania, but has produced several smaller booklets on the Furneaux Group, King Island, and Hells' Gate at the entrance to Macquarie Harbour on the west coast. The three publications on single shipwrecks, by Nash, Lemon & Morgan, and Charlwood, are all excellent. Nash's Cargo for the Colony gives an excellent background to early colonial trade. 

Tasmanian Shipwrecks, Volume One, 1797-1899. Graeme Broxam and Michael Nash.  [TS1] 
Tasmanian Shipwrecks, Volume Two, 1900 - 1999. Graeme Broxam and Michael Nash. [TS2] 
Wrecks in Tasmanian Waters, 1797 -1950. Harry O'May . [HO] 

Cargo for the Colony - The 1797 Wreck of the Merchant Ship Sydney Cove. Michael Nash. [MN] 
Poor Souls They Perished. (The Cataraqui). Lemon & Morgan. [AL] 
The Sea War in Bass Strait. Jack Loney. [LSW]
The Wreck of the Sailing Ship Netherby. Don Charlwood. [DCN] 
Wreckers, Smugglers and Pirates in South Eastern Australian Waters. Jack Loney. [LSP] 
Wrecks on King Island. Jack Loney. [LK] 
Wrecks At Hell's Gates. Jack Loney. [LHG] 
Wrecks in the Furneaux Group (Flinders island). Jack Loney. [LF] 

Blue Gum Clippers and Whale Ships of Tasmania. Will Lawson. [WLB] 
By Derwent Divided. The Story of Lake Illawarra. Tom Lewis. [TLD] 
Echoes of the Past. Published King Island. 
Dire Strait. A History of Bass Strait. Charles Bateson. [CBD] 
Ferry to Tasmania. Peter Plowman. [PPT] 
First Visitors to Heard Island. Max Downes.  [MD] 
First Visitors to Bass Strait.  J.S.Cumston.  [JCF] 
Mysteries of the Bass Strait Triangle. Jack Loney. [LBS] 
Ships in Tasmanian Waters. Riverboats, Ferries and the Floating Bridge. G.W.Cox.  [GCS] 
Song of Steam. Paddle Steamers and Screw Steamers in Tas. Waters. D.G. (Dave) O'May. [DO] 
The History of Tasmania. John West. [JW] 
The Historic Tamar Valley. J.G.Branagan.  [JBT] 
The Brothers Taylor. A Tasmanian Maritime History. Colin Taylor. [CT] 
The Tasmanian Trading Ketch.. An Illustrated Oral History. Garry Kerr . [GK] 
The Furneaux Group. Bass Strait. Richard Murray Fowler. [RF] 
The King Island Story. R.H.Hooper. [RHK] 
The Shipping History of the Bass Strait Crossing. David L. Hopkins. [DH] 
Whalers Out of Van Diemen's Land. Harry O'May. [HOW]
Wooden Hookers of Hobart Town. Harry O'May. [HOH] 

TECHNOLOGY AND TECHNIQUE
These titles have been very useful in understanding the technical side of maritime history.

A History of Marine Navigation. W.E.May. 
A History of Marine Navigation. Per Collinder. 
Manual of Seamanship. Published by His Majestry's Stationery Office, London. 
Nicholl's Seamanship & Nautical Knowledge for Mates' and Masters' Examinations. Charles H. Brown. 
Oceanography in the Days of Sail. Ian & Joyce Jones. 
The Principles of Marine Insurance. Harold A. Turner.

VICTORIA
Of all the states of Australia, Victoria has the most publications related to shipwrecks, predominantly because of the prolific output of Jack Loney. Although Loney published Victorian Shipwrecks in 1971, it was not a comprehensive book; to cover the whole of the Victorian coastline including Port Phillip, it was necessary to obtain Wrecks on the Great Ocean Road (ie west coast), Wrecks on the Gippsland Coast (east coast), and Wrecks in the Rip, and Wrecks in Port Phillip. In addition,  Loney produced many smaller publications on individual shipwrecks and localities, generally providing further information. Other authors such as Charlwood, Des Williams, Mackenzie, Reinelt, and Evans made excellent contributions. The two volumes of Peter Williams and and Roderick Serle refering to Port Phillip, and the Heads, were popular references when released in 1963 and 1964. After the establishment of the Maritime Archaeology Unit of Heritage Victoria, several excellent publications were released, by Foster, Anderson, Cahir, Strachan, Harvey,  Elliget and Breidahl. Surf Coast Wrecks by Anderson and Cahir is particularly well researched and presented. In 2003, Don Love published the first of six volumes covering the Victorian coast, the final book expected in 2008. Two volumes had been published by the end of 2005. This are exceptional references, well researched and presented, and will form the  prime secondary material on Victorian shipwrecks. 

Shipwrecks on the East Gippsland Coast.  (Victorian Shipwrecks Vol 1). Don Love.  [DLE] 
Shipwrecks on the South Gippsland Coast. (Victorian Shipwrecks Vol 2). Don Love. [DLS] 
Shipwrecks At Port Phillip Heads.  (Victorian Shipwrecks Vol 3). Don Love. [DLR]. 
Shipwrecks on Port Phillip Bay. (Victorian Shipwrecks Vol 4). Don Love. *
Shipwrecks on the West Coast of Victoria. (Victorian Shipwrecks Vol 5). Don Love. *
Shipwrecks on the Victorian Coast - Post World War 2. (Victorian Shipwrecks Vol 6). Don Love.* 
* Yet to be published (as of 2006).

Victorian Shipwrecks. Jack Loney. [LV] 
Wrecks Along the Gippsland Coast. Jack Loney. [LG] 
Wrecks Along the Great Ocean Road. Jack Loney. [LO] 
Wrecks in Port Phillip Bay.  Jack Loney. [LPP] 
Wrecks in the Rip. Jack Loney. [LR] 

Adventures with Shipwrecks. (Apollo Bay).  Jack Loney. [LAS] 
An Era At Port Phillip Heads 1830 - 1900. Jack Loney. [LPH] 
Australia's Shipwreck Coast and Other Stories. Jack Loney. [LSC] 
Barque Polly Woodside. Vin Darroch. [VD] 
Bay Steamers and Coastal Ferries.  Jack Loney. [LB] 
Clonmel - Disaster to Discovery. Peter Harvey. [GPVC] 
Coramba - The Ship The Sea Swallowed.  Des Williams. [DW] 
Dire Strait. A History of Bass Strait. Charles Bateson.  [CBD] 
Diving Around Victoria's Great Southwest. Rob Porter. [RP] 
Down the Bay. The Story of the Excursions Boats of Port Phillip. T.K.Fitchett.  [TF]
Down Under At the Prom. Marg O'Toole and Malcolm Turner. [MOP] 
Early Ship Talk. Articles on 19th Century Shipping by T.H.Osborne. [EST] 
Exploring Shipwrecks of Western Victoria. Peter Ronald. [PR] 
Fever Beach. The Story of the Migrant Ship 'Ticonderoga'. Mary Kruithof.  [MK] 
Lady Bay, Warrnambool - A Graveyard of Ships.  Jack Loney. [LLB] 
Loch Ard Shipwreck Centenary, 1878-1978. Report. [RLA] 
My Ceiling the Waves. Geoff Nayler.  [GNC] 
Mysteries of the Bass Strait Triangle.  Jack Loney. [LBS] 
Phillip Island. Compiled by Joshua Wickett Gliddon. [PI] 
Port of Many Prows. (Williamstown). Wilson P. Evans. [WEP] 
Port of Melbourne 1835-1976. Olaf R uhen.  [OR] 
Port Phillip Pilots and Defences.  Captain J. Noble. [JND] 
Port Phillip Panorama. A Maritime History.  1975. Captain John Noble. [JNP] 
Port of Pirate Treasure. Kevin Hayden. [KH] 
Proceedings of First Australian Symposium on the Mahogany Ship: Relic Or Legend. [MS] 
Rebel Down Under. (Shenandoah). Cyril Pearl. [CP] 
Sailing Ships Shipwrecks & Crime in the 19th Century. Jean Uhl. [JU] 
Sailing Ships and Paddle Wheels and Other Gippsland Shipping. J.C.Bull.  [JB] 
Settlers Under Sail. Don Charlwood. [DCS] 
Ships and Shipwrecks at Port Albert. Jack Loney. [LPA] 
Ships and Shipwrecks at Portarlington.  Jack Loney. [LPR] 
Shipwrecks and Sea Adventures Around Wilsons Promontory. Jack Loney.  [LWP] 
Ships and Seamen Off the South Coast. Jack Loney. [LSS] 
Ships in Corio Bay, 1840-1980.  Jack Loney. [LCB] 
Ships At Port Welshpool and Other Memories.  Jack Loney. [LPW] 
Shipwrecks Around Port Phillip Heads. Bob Wealthy and Stan Bugg. [WB] 
Shipwrecks At Barwon Heads 1853-1940. R.H.Holden. [RHB] 
Shipwrecks Along the Southern Coast. Geoff Nayler. [GNS] 
Shipwrecks at Williamstown. Bob Leek & Peter Taylor. [BLW] 
Shipwrecks at Port Phillip Heads 1840-1963.  Peter J. Williams and Roderick Serle. [WPH] 
Shipwrecks .. And More Shipwrecks. Margaret E. MacKenzie. [MM] 
Shore Dives of Victoria. (Dives of the Southern Ocean). Ian Lewis. [IL] 
Silts in the Sight Glass -  the SS City of Launceston. Shirley Strachan. [GPVL] 
Skindivers & Shipwrecks. Doug Denmead. [DD] 
Spoils From the Sea. James Taylor.  [JTS] 
Story of Gippsland Shipping. J.C.Bull & Peter J. William. [JBW]
Surf Coast Wrecks. (Point Lonsdale to Cape Otway). Ross Anerson and Anne Cahir. [GPVS] 
Tall Ships and Sailormen. Victoria's Early Maritime History. Jack Loney. [LT]
The Barquentine 'La Bella'. Philip J. Gray. [PGL] 
The Clipper Lightning in Geelong, 1862-1869.  Jack Loney. [LLI] 
The Chronicles of Early Melbourne. Pub. 1888.
The Loch Ard Disaster. Jack Loney. [LL] 
The Loss of the Orion. W.H.Reinelt.  [WRO]
The Mahogany Ship.  Jack Loney. [LMS] 
The Schomberg Incident. Jack Loney. [LSH] 
The Sea War in Bass Strait. Jack Loney. [LSW] 
The Secret Discovery of Australia. Kenneth Gordon McIntyre. [KM] 
The Shipping History of the Bass Strait Crossing. David L. Hopkins. [DH] 
The Silent Fleet. Geoff Nayler. [GNF]
The Wreck of the Loch Ard. D.E. 'Don' Charlwood. [CLA] 
The Wild Coast Wrecks. Leonie Foster. [GPVW] 
The Wreck of the W.B. Godfrey.  Peter F.B. Alsop. 
Through the Rip. 'Ships and Seamen of Old Port Phillip'. Wilson P. Evans. [WE] 
Time and Tide - The Wreck of the Barque William Salthouse.  M.Elliget and H.Breidahl. [GPVT] 
Update - Bay Steamers and Coastal Ferries.  Jack Loney. [LBU] 
Victims of the Corsair Rock. Jack Loney. [LCR] 
Victorian Shipwreck Notice to Mariners 1841-2003. Peter Taylor. [PT] 
Voyage & Mutiny of the Georgiana 1852. Lorraine McKenzie. [MG] 
Western Port Wrecks and Maritime Incidents. Arthur E.Woodley. [AW] 
Wreck - 1891 and Other Maritime Memories. Jack Loney. [LWR] 
Wreck and Rescue At Port Phillip Heads. Jack Loney. [LWW] 
Wreck of the Fiji. Jack Loney. [LFJ] 
Wreck of the Joseph H. Scammell. Geoff Nayler. [GNJ] 
Wreck of the Monumental City. W.H.Reinelt.  [WRM]
Wreck of the Ship Eric the Red. Jack Loney. [LE]
Wreck of the S.S.Casino.   Jack Loney. [LCA] 
Wreckers, Smugglers and Pirates in South Eastern Australian Waters.  Jack Loney. [LSP] 
Wrecks and Relics. Geoff Nayler. [GNW] 
Wrecks and Reputations. (Schomberg and Loch Ard). Don Charlwood. [DCW]
Wrecks Around Cape Otway. Shipwrecks from Port Campbell to Anglesea.  Jack Loney. [LCO] 
Wrecks at Apollo Bay. J.K.Loney.  [LAB] 
Wrecks at Phillip Island.   Jack Loney. [LPI]
Wrecks of Port Phillip. Peter J. Williams and Roderick Serle. [WPP] 
Wrecks on the Reef - A Guide to Shipwrecks At Port Phillip Heads. Ross Anderson. [GPVR] 

VOYAGE
There are literally thousands of books about sea voyaages. The following are just a few that the author has referenced and found interesting and informative. 

Bound for Botany Bay. Aboard the death Ship Hillsborough. Frank Clune. [FC] 
Fever Beach. The Story of the Migrant Ship 'Ticonderoga'. Mary Kruithof.  [MK] 
In the Heart of the Sea - the True Story that Inspired Moby Dick'. Nathaniel Philbrick. [NP] 
Java. Being the Melancholy True Story of the Voyage of the East Indiaman 'Java'. S.Barnett. [SB]. 
Life at Sea in the Age of Sail. W.R. Thrower. 
Men and Ships Around Cape Horn, 1616 - 1939. Jean Randier. 
Mutiny on the Bounty. Charles Nordhoff & James Norman Hal. 
Sailing with Flinders - the Journal of Seaman Samuel Smith. Samuel Smith.  [SS] 
Settlers Under Sail. Don Charlwood. [DCS] 
The British Seaman 1200-1860. Christopher Lloyd. 
The Wreck of the Whaleship Essex. Iola Haverstick and Betty Shepard (Eds).  [HSE] 
The Blind Horn's Hate - Cape Horn and the Uttermost South. Richard Hough. 
The Last Grain Race. Eric Newby. 
The Long Farewell. Don. Charlwood.  [DCF] 
The Floating Brothel. The extradordinary story of the Lady Julian. Sian Rees. [SR] 
The Search for the Kobenhaven. Tim Minto, and Eric Stevens. [TMK] 
Vanished Fleets. Sea Stories from Old Van Diemen's land. AlanVilliers . [VVF] 
What Happened on the Bounty. B.Danielsson. 
William Wood's Diary. Pennington, Peter. [PP] 

WAR and NAVAL
Whereas this encyclopedia is predominantly about peacetime losses of commercial, recreational and government vessels, war losses have been included where they are of more general interest, and of specific interest to divers. In addition, navl action has resulted in the loss of many commercial vessels, which are included in the encyclopedia if they have a relevance to Australia. Peacetime naval tragedies are also included, and the Japanese submarine attack on Sydney Harbour during World War 2. The following publications have been useful references in compiling this encyclopedia and provide further reading. 

Across the Sea to War. Peter Plowman. 
Australian Salvors of World War 2. Captain R.J.F.McDonell.[RM] 
Battle Surface! Japan's Submarine War Against Australia. David Jenkins. [DJ] 
Forgotten Fleet. Bill Lunney and Ruth Lunney. [BLF1] 
Forgotten Fleet 2. Bill Lunney and Ruth Lunney. [BLF2] 
Ghost Cruiser H.K.33. [H.J.Brennecke. HB] 
Hitting Home - The Japanese Attack on Sydney Harbour. David Jenkins. 
Hostages to Freedom - the Fall of Rabaul. Peter Stone.  [PSH] 
One Minute of Time. (Voyager diaster). Harold Hickling. [HHV] 
Proud Echo. (Loss of light cruiser Perth). Ronald McKie. [RMP] 
Sensuikan I-124. Tom Lewis.[TLI] 
The Price of Admiralty. Jack Loney. [LP] 
The Sea War in Bass Strait. Jack Loney. [LSW] 
The Sea Devil. (Count Felix Von Luckner). Lowell Thomas. [TSD] 
The Secret Battle 1942-1944. Robert Wallace. [RW] 
The Lady and the President. The Life and Loss of the SS President Coolidge. Peter Stone. [PSP] 
The Cruel Legacy - the HMAS Voyager Tragedy. Tom Frame. [TFC] 
Toku Tai. Japanese Submarine Operations in Australian Waters. Lew Lind.  [TT] 
U-Boat Far From Home. The Epic Voyage of U-862 to Australia.David Stevens. [DS] 
Warships of Australia. Ross Gillett. 

WESTERN AUSTRALIA
The prime secondary reference is the three volume set, Unfinished Voyages, by Graeme Henderson, and Kandy-Jane Henderson and Lynne Cairns. Loney's Wrecks on the Western Austraalian Coast is the only publication covering the whole coast in one volume, and thus the entries are much briefer than Henderson. Kenderdine is also excellent. 

Unfinished Voyages.  Western Australian Shipwrecks 1622-1850. Graeme Henderson. [UV1] 
Unfinished Voyages. Western Australian Shipwrecks 1851-1880. Graeme Henderson and Kandy-Jane Henderson. [UV2]
Unfinished Voyages. W.A.Shipwrecks.1881-1900. Lynne Cairns & G.Henderson. [UV3] 
Wrecks on the Western Australian Coast. Jack Loney. [LW] 
Shipwrecks 1656 - 1942. A Guide to Historic Shipwrecks of Perth. Sarah Kenderdine. [SK] 

Of the general titles, several refer to specific shipwrecks and are detailed in their coverage. See also under Maritime Archaeology, Pearl Diving, and Dutch Wrecks. 

A Summary of Shipwrecks in and Around the Port of Fremantle. Denis Robinson. 
Cyclone. Hector Holthouse. [HHC] 
Dive Western Australia. Jeff. Mullins.  [JMW] 
Excavation of the Barque Day Dawn. W.A.Museum1980. Mike McCarthy.  [MMD] 
Maritime Albany Remembered. Les Douglas et al. [GMR] 
Perth Dive Guide. Dick Beilby.  [DBP] 
The Barque Eglinton - Wrecked Western Australia 1852. Myra Stanbury. [MSE] 
The Catalpa Expedition. Z.W.Pease. [ZP] 
The Emerald Whaler. William J. Laubenstein. [WLC] 
The Ethel Murders. Bob Hillman. [BH] 
The Ghost of Alkimos. John. Nairn. [JN] 
The Koolama Incident in the Timor Sea, 1942. Bill Loane.  [BL] 
The Last Voyage of the James Matthews. W.J.de Burg, W.J. and Graeme Henderson.  [DBH] 
The Voyage of the Catalpa. Peter F. Stevens. [PSC] 
The Wreck of the Barque Stefano. Gustave Rathe.  [GR]
The Wreck of the Elizabeth. Graeme Henderson. [GHE] 

WHALING
Whaling and sealing play a significant role in the maritime history of Australia and the Pacific, with many vessels employed in the bloody trade wrecked. The following publications have been useful in compiling this encyclopedia. 
Ahab's Trade. The Saga of  South Seas Whaling. G.A.Mawer.  [GMA] 
Blue Gum Clippers and Whale Ships of Tasmania. Will Lawson. [WLB] 
Sea Wolves and Bandits - Sealing, Whaling, Smuggling and Piracy, etc. L.Norman. 
The Bay Whalers - Tasmania's Shore-based Whaling Industry. Michael Nash. 
Vanished Fleets. Sea Stories from Old Van Diemen's land. Alan Villiers. [VVF] 
Whaling Around Australia. Max Colwell. [MC] 
 
 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY


The following additional titles may be of interest to the researcher - although some have been referenced for the ENCYCLOPEDIA OF AUSTRALIAN SHIPWRECKS, they have not been specifically refered to within the listing of vessels, but nevertheless provide a wealth of further information on Australian shipping and incidents.  (Listed by author). 

Echoes of the Past. An Account of Shipwrecks Around King Island from 1801 to 1976. No author listed. Printed on King Island. (Seventh reprint was in 1975). A small booklet of ten pages. Not referenced for this encyclopedia as Broxam and Nash have used this reference in TS1,TS2.
Wreck of the London. Published by Sampson Low, London, 1866. Generally hardcover, 100 pages. 

Andrews, Graeme. Australia's Maritime Heritage. Cromarty Press, Sydney, 1984. Provides a listing of maritime museums, restored vessels and exhibitions at the time of publication. 
Baptist, Captain C.N.T. Salvage Operations. Stanford Maritime Limited, London, 1979. Although not relevent to any vessels listed herein, if of general interest for those consonsidering modern ship salvage.
Bassett, Marnie. The Hentys: An Australian Colonial Tapestry. Melbourne University Press, 1962. 
Bateson, Charles. Gold Fleet for California. Forty-Niners from Australia and new Zealand. Ure Smith, Sydney, 1963. 
Baty, Scott. Ships That Passed - The Glorious Era of Travel to Australia and New Zealand. Reed Books Pty Ltd, Sydney, 1984.  Organised by chapter of each of the major shipping lines.  Fortunately few of these vessels were lost through accident.
Blake, George. Lloyd's Register of Shipping 1760-1960. Published by Lloyd's, London, no date, circa 1970s. A superb history of this most famous shipping insurance company. 
Bowden, Keith Macrae. George Bass 1771-1803: His Discoveries, Romantic Life and Tragic Disappearance. Oxford Univeristy Press, Melbourne, 1952.  
Bowen, Frank C. Ships. Ward, Lock & Co., London and Melbourne, no date, possibly 1930s. A wonderful book to read cover to cover, on ships and shipbuilding, voyages, crews and masters.  
Buckley, K. & K. Klugman. The Australian Presence in the Pacific - Burns Philp 1914-1946. George Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1983. The trading and shipping company playeed a major role in the development of the western South Pacific islands, and south-east Asia. 
Cable, Boyd. A Hundred year History of the P. & O. Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. 1837 - 1937. Ivor Nicholson & Watson Limited, London, 1937. Very much involved in the maritime history and development of shipping in Australia. 
Campbell, Bob. Duyflen. The Story of a Brave Ship and a Brilliant Replica. Australian National Maritime Museum, 2001. ISBN 0 642 70515 1. 
Christopher, Peter.Paddlesteamers and Riverboats of the River Murray. Axiom Publishing, South Australia, 2000. Lists the current vessels operating on the Murray, and river history. 
Churchouse, Jack. Sailing Ships of the Tasman Sea. Millwood Press, Wellington, 1984. A history of the Craig family ships. 
Clark, Robin, Lindsay Rex and Doug Robertson. The Australian National Line 1956-1981. History and Fleet List. World Ship Society, Engalnd, 1982. 
Course. Captain A.G. Painted Ports. The story of the sships of Messrs Devitt and Moore. Hollis & Carter, London, 1961. 
  Ships of the P. & O. Adlard Coles Ltd, London, 1954. 
Cramp, W. B. Narrative of a Voyage to India; of a Shipwreck on Board the Lady Castlereagh; and a Description of New South Wales. London: Printed for Sir Richard Phillips & Co., 1823. 
Danielsson, B. What Happened on the Bounty. Transl. from the Swedish by A. Tapsell. London. (1962). Hard cover, dustjacket, 232 pages, with two maps.  
Docker, Edward Wybergh. The Blackbirders: The Recruiting of South Seas Labour for Queensland, 1863 - 1907. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1970. 
Drake-Brockman, Henrietta . The Wicked and the Fair. Angus and Robertson, 1957. A fictionalised story based on the wreeck of the Batavia, Abrolhos Islands, 1629. 
Dundon, Gwen. The Shipbuilders of Brisbane Water NSW. Self Published, East Gosford, NSW, 1997. A thoroughly researched text. Excellent reference.  
Earnshaw, E.H. Yarragongartha: Stirling Castle and Yarragongartha. The first section tells of the wreck of the brig Stirling Castle in 1836, and gives 'an exciting and truthful account of the adventures of the Captain and crew'. The second story describes the attack made by aboriginal warriors in 1874 upon Barrow Creek Telegraph Station. Sydney: Published privately by the Author, 1930.48 pages, with 2 full-page illusts. 
Fildes, R.D. The Ships That Serve Australia and New Zealand. Volume One - Australian and New Zealand Flag Vessels. Searail Productions, Sydney, 1975. Lists more than one thousand vessels, arranged within fleet. It is noted that a second volume was planned for 1976, listing major vessels that called at Australian ports.  
Lucas, Alan. Cruising the New South Wales Coast. Horwitz Publications, Sydney, 1976. A very handy reference to the port, harbours, river entrances and local history. 
Foley, Captain John C.H. Reef Pilots: The History of the Queensland and Torres Strait Pilot Service. Published 1982. ISBN 0 9593358 3. 
Foster, Leonie. Port Phillip Shipwrecks. An Historical Survey. Four volumes. Published over several years in the 1980s and 1990s by the Department of Conservation and Environment, for which at the time the author was a maritime archaeologist. These are excellent reference books, thoroughly researched as one would expect. Each listing provides phyical details of the vessel, cargoes, crew, and details of how lost. Other historical detail is minimal. Each listing includes the location of photos of the vessel, and further primary and secondary sources. The individual volumes were still available in 2006 from the (Victoria) Department of Heritage, and the book distributor Oceans Enterprises. 
Frost, Alan. Arthur Phillip 1738 - 1814: His Voyaging. OUP Melbourne 1987. 
Gillett, Ross. Warships of Australia. Rigby Limited, Austraalia, 1977. Provides excellent detail expaanding the reference of ships mentioned in this encyclopedia. 
Gores, Josepg N. Marine Salvage.  David & Charles, London,1972.  A superb book covering salvage throughout the centuries. In,lcudes mention of Batavia and Bounty. 
Hocking, Charles. Dictionary of Disasters At Sea During the Age of Steam. Inclusing Sailing Ships and Ships of War Lost in Action. In two volumes. Charles Hocking. Printed by Lloyd's Register of Shipping, London, 1969. A most valuable reference albiet with only brief details of the vessels lost. 
Holden, H. A Narrative of the Shipwreck, captivity and sufferings of Horace Holden and Benj. H. Nute; who were cast away in the American Ship Mentor, on the Pelew Islands, in the year 1832; And for two years afterwards were subjected to unheard of sufferings among the barbarous inhabitants of Lord North's Island. Weeks, Jordan & Co., Boston, USA. 1839. Gilt title on front cover, 126 pages, with 4 full-page engraving plates.
Hooper, R.H. The King Island Stroy. Edited by Dr. Mark Richmond. First edition 1973. 
Hope, Penelope. The Voyage of the Africaine: A Collection of Journals, Letters and Extracts from Contemporary Publications. Heinemann Educational Australia, Victoria, 1968. 
Hopkins, Gerard Manley. The Wreck of the Deutschland. With Introduction by James Dickey. Boston: David Godine, 1971.  Limite edition of 1250. Thirty pages.  
Hough, Richard. The Blind Horn's Hate - Cape Horn and the Uttermost South. Hutchinson of London, 1971.  Predominantly a history of Rounding the Horn. 
Howarth, David & Stephen Howarth. The Story of P. & O. - The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1986, revised 1994. 
Hudson, Kenneth & Ann Nicholls. The Book of Shipwrecks.  Macmillan London Ltd, London,  1979..  Attempst to list the major wrecks worldwide, and as such can only provide a brief listing due to restrictions of space within its 164 pages. Contains fifty-two ships on the Australian coastline, and twenty on New Zealand. 
Hurst, Alex. A. Square-Riggers - The Final Epoch, 1921-1958. Teredon Books, Sussex, England, 1972. The history of the last years of the square-rigged merchantmen, embodying the histories of the ships and the ranks from which they emerged. Mentions in some detail some of the vessels referenced in this encyclopedia. 
Hyde, Francis E. Blue Funnel - A History of Alfred Holt & Co of Liverpool, 1865-1914. Liverpool University Press, 1957. 
Ingram, C.W.N. and P.O. Wheatley. Shipwrecks: New Zealand Disasters 1795-1936. Dunedin N.Z. (1936). 504pp., 123 text-illusts. Comprehensive and accurate record of shipping disasters on the New Zealand coast and outlying islands.
Ingram, C.W.N. New Zealand Shipwrecks 1795-1970. A.H. & A.W.Reed, Wellington, first published, 1936. Many subsequent editions, revised and enlarged. Certainly the definitive work on New Zealand shipwrecks, with many references to vessels mentioned in this encyclopedia. . 
Jeffreys, Max. Wreck of the Sydney Cove. New Holland Publishers, 1997. Hardcover, 257 pages, mono prints. Covers more of the trek of the survivors from the south coast mainland toward Sydney, with very little on the actual wreck of the vessel itself. 
Kahre, Georg. The Last Tall Ships. Bay Books, Sydney. First edition Mariehamn, 1948. Later edition edited by Basil Greenhill. Mentions several vessels listed in this encyclopedia. 
Keating, Victor. On The Rocks - Tales of Portsea Pioneers. The National Press, 1969. Covers the history of Portsea and Sorrento but written in a narrative 'fictional' style. The wreck of the Cheviot is included. 
Keating, Victor. On the Rocks. National Press, Melbourne, 1969. Hard cover, 151 pages. Novelisation of the shipwreck of the Cheviot at Portsea in 1887. 
Kenderdine, Sarah. Historic Shipping on the Murray River - A Guide to the Terrestrial and Submerged Archaeological Resources in New South Wales and Victoria.  New South Wales department of Planning, Sydney, 1994. An interesting reference. 
Kludas, Arnold. Great Passenger Ships of the World. Five Volumes: Vol 1, 1858-1912; Vol 2 - 1913-1923; Vol 3, 1924-1935; Vol 4, 1936-1950; Vol 5, 1950 - Present. Patrick Stephens, Cambridge, from 1972. A remarkable set, not altogther relevent to this encyclopedia as very few international passenger liners have been lost off the Australian coast.  
Le Fleming, H.M. Ships of the Blue Funnel Line. Adlard Coles Limited, Southampton, 1961. 
Lloyd, Christopher. The British Seaman 1200-1860. Collins , London, 1968. 
Locker-Lampson, Steve & Ian Francis. The Wreck Book - Rediscovered New Zealand Shipwrecks. Millwood  Press, Wellington, New Zealand, 1979. 
Loney, Jack. Wrecks in Australian Waters. Australian Sports Publications, Melbournbe, no date, circa early 1980s. The only book by this author not specifically referenced in the body of the encyclopedia; it is a book predominantly of photographs. 
Lubbock, Basil. The Last of the Windjammers, Volumes 1 & 2. Brown, Son & Ferguson, Ltd. Glasgow, First published 1927, reprinted 1975. It has to be regarded as the definitive work on the fully-rigged sailing ships. It has not been specifically referenced in this encyclopedia listing but should the need arise for further information on any fully-rigged ship, these are the volumes to refer. They have of course been referenced by most authors of Australian shipwrecks. 
Lubbock, Basil. The China Clippers. James Brown & Son, London, 1914. Thermopylae and Cutty Sark are featured. 
Lucas, Alan. Cruising the Coral Coast. Horwitz Publications, Sydney . A very handy reference to the port, harbours, river entrances and local history. 
Maiden, Peter. Shipwreck of the New Guinea Gold Explorers. Central Coast University Press, Rockhampton, 2000. Softcover, 1723 pages, map, index, appendix, bibliography. The wreck of the brig Maria off Hinchinbrook Island, Queensland in 1872. 
Macarthur, Antonia. His Majesty's Bark Endeavour. Angus & Robertson, 1997, in association with the Australian National Maritime Museum. ISBN 0 207 19180. Based on the author's research for the the Endeavour replica project. 
Mitchell, Alan. Splendid Sisters. The story of the Shaw Saville liners Souther Cross and Northern Star. George G. Harrap & Co., London, 1966. 
Morris, Allan. River Rich. Neptune Press, Belmont, Victoria, 1979. originally published in 1952 by the Riverine Herald. Provides a social history of the men and women on the Murray River, their boats and towns. 
Morton, Harry. The Wind Command - Sailors and Sailing Ships in the Pacific. Wesleyan University Press, USA, and the University of British Columbia Press, no date, circa 1970s. A superb essay of exploration and discovery.  
Mossman, Samuel. Narrative of the Shipwreck of the 'Admella', Inter-Colonial Steamer, on the Southern Coast of Australia: drawn up from authentic statements furnished by the rescuers and survivors. Melbourne: Printed and published for the Committee of the "Admella" Fund, 1859. Gilt crested title on front cover, 132 pages, with wood-engrvaving frontisp. being a bird's-eye view of the wreck at the time of rescue (by J. Fawthrop, Harbourmaster, Portland), and a folding map. 
Mudie, Ian. Riverboats. Sun Books, Melbourne, 1965. 
Nash, Michael. The Bay Whalers - Tasmania's Shore-based Whaling Industry. Navarine Publishing, ACT, 2003. 
Newby, Eric. The Last Grain Race. Secker & Warburg Ltd, London, 1956. The voyage of the fully rigged ship Moshulu from UK to Australia and back, around the world. A classic of maritime reading. 
Nordhoff, Charles & James Norman Hal. Mutiny on the Bounty. First published by Chapman & Hall Ltd, UK, 1933. Many subsequent editions. 
Norman, L. Pioneer Shipping of Tasmania - Whaling, Sealing, Piracy, Shipwrecks, etc, in Early Tasmania.  First published Hobart, 1938. Reprinted by O.B.M. Pty Ltd, no date, circa 1980s. An original source of research for many authors, extremely detailed.
Norman, L. Sea Wolves and Bandits - Sealing, Whaling, Smuggling and Piracy, Wild men of Van Diemen's land, Bushrangers and Bandits, Wrecks and Wreckers. First published Hobart, 1946. Reprinted, no publisher indicated but probably O.B.M. Pty Ltd. 
Painter, Gwenda. In the Wake of Coonawarra - The Story of the River Murray paddle-wheeler MV Coonawarra and Its Links with the PS Murrumbidgee, PS Excelsior, and JL Roberts barge. Lothian, Melbourne, 1970. 
Palmer, Captain George. Kidnapping in the South Seas: Being a Narrative of a Three-Month's Cruise of HM Ship Rosario. Facsimile by Penguin Books, 1873. (Penguin Colonial Facsimile Series). First published 1871. 
Parsons, Ronald. Migrant Ships for South Australia 1836-1850. Published by the author, Magill, SA, 1983. ISBN 0 909418 25 X. 
Steamers in the South - The Great Days of Steam around Australia and New Zealand. Rigby, Adelaide, 1979. An exceptional collection of photographs. 
Sail in the South - The Great Days of Sail around Australia and New Zealand. Rigby, Adelaide, 1975. Shipping photographs from the Edwardes Collection. 
Pemberton, Barry. Australian Coastal Shipping. Melbourne University Press, 1979. A detailed history of Australian shipping , ships and ship-owners. 
Phillip, Arthur. The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay: With Contributions by Other Officers of the First Fleet and Observations on Affairs of the Time by Lord Auckland. Angus & Robertson, Sydney , in conjunction with the Royal Australian Historiccal Association, 1970 - facsimile. Originally published in 1789 as the official account of the expedition to New South Wales and the founding of Australian Settlement. 
Plowman, Peter. Across the Sea to War. Australia and New Zealand Troop Convoys from 1865 through two World Wars to Korea and Vietnam. Rosenberg Publishing Pty Ltd, NSW, 2003. Includes several merchant vessels lost as a result of war also mentioned in this encyclopedia, particularly in New Guinea waters. 
  Passenger Ships of Australia and New Zealand. Volume 1, 1876-1912; Volume 2, 1913 - 1980. Conway Maritime Press  Ltd, London, 1981. Profusely illustrated with mono photographs. The most  detailed and well presented of the compendiums of Australian ships, and a most useful reference for further details of steamships and motor vessels mentioned in this encyclopedia. 
Powars, Captain William F. Ship-wrecked in the Southern Seas - The story of the good ship 'Humboldt'. Salem, Massachussetts, USA. 24 pages, with four plates.  
Randier, Jean. Men and Ships Around Cape Horn, 1616 - 1939. Arthur Barker Limited, London, 1968. A superbly illustrated book and the definitive work on the subject. 
Rhodes, Captain F. Pageant of the Pacific. Being the Maritime History of Australasia. Published prior to 1937 by F.J.Thwaites (Pty) Ltd, Sydney. Two volumes, hardcover, 410 and 478 pages. No plates. Comprehensive index and bibliography. An excellent, detailed work. 
Richards, Bill. Food at Sea - Eating and Drinking with Sailors 1500 - 2000. Published by Australian National Maritime Museum, for the museum's first food festival in 2001. ISBN 0 6427 08185. 
Robinson, Denis. Shipwrecks in and Around the Port of Fremantle, Western Australia. Fremantle Port Authority, 1974. Softcoverm saddle stictched, quarto size, twelve pages, map, mono drawings. Covers some eighty-six wrecks with office number and brief details in a short descriptive paragraph. Not directly referenced for this encyclopedia as no doubt Henderson would have done so.  
Ruhen Olaf. Opening The Oceans. Nautical Press, Sydney, no date, circa 1980s. History of exploration and  European settlement in the southern Pacific. 
Sawyer, L.A. & W.H.Mitchell. The Liberty Ships. A History of the 'Emergency' Type Cargo Ships Constructed in the United States During World War II. David & Charles Ltd, Devon, 1970. provides additional information on the Liberty ships mentioned in this encyclopedia. 
Sigmond, J.P. & L.H.Zuiderbaan. Dutch Discoveries of Australia. Rigby, Australia, 1976. Adds to the knowledge of the Australia's early European discovery. 
Smith, J.W. & T.S.Holden. Where Ships are Born - Sunderland 1346 - 1946. Thomas Reed & Co., Sunderland, UK, 1947. One of many excellent books on ships and shipbuilding in the United Kingdom. 
Smyth, Davre. Old Riverboats of the Murray. Published by the author, Melbourne, 1982. Paintings and text on the cemaining paddleboats and wrecks. 
Stanbury, Myra & jeremy Green. Laperouse and loss of the Astrolabe and the Boussole (1788). W.A.Musuem, 2004. Reports on the1986 and 1990 investigations of the shipwrecks at Vanikoro, Solomon Islands.
Street, Sean. The Wrecks of the Deutschland. Souvenir Press, London, 1992. Includes the German barque  wrecked on Masthead Reef , Great Barrier Reef,  1883. 
Swancott, C. The Story of the Maitland. Small booklet of just eight pages, published by the author, NSW, 1962. The Maitland was lost near Cape Three Points, NSW, in 1898. This record iss an account as told by a survivor in 1922. 
Syme, Marten A. Lifeboats For Victoria. The Story of Lifeboats and their Crews in Victoria 1856-1979. Very useful reference. 
Syme, Marten A. Lifeboats for Victoria. The Story of Lifeboats and their Crews in Victoria, 1856 - 1979. Roebuck Press, Roebuck Society Publication No. 55. Published 2001.  
Thiele, Ron. Ketch Hand - The Twilight of Sail in South Australian Waters. Main'sle Books, Portland, Victoria, 1987. 
Villiers, Alan. The Coral Sea. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1949. Includes a chapter on the 'blackbirders', and war in the Coral Sea. 
The Indian Ocean. Museum Press Limited, London, 1952. Of general interest as the sailing ships on the Australia Run ran eastward across the southern Indian Ocean., and later entered via the Suez Canal. 
 

GENERAL REFERENCE

The following titles are of considerable use to the researcher and anyone interested in Australia's maritime history, and have proved their value to the author. Most are out of print; some may be available in the state and community library systems. Think of these as the tools of maritime research.  

Australian Pilot. Various volumes and editions. Early editions published by the Hydrographic Department, (British) Admiralty, London. Very handy reference to locations - harbours, reefs, islets and numerouss other geographic entries. 
A Dictionery of Sea Terms. Brown, Son & Ferguson, Glasgow, first printed 1926. This excellent book, which has undergone many reprints and may still be in print, is based on the several very early works on marine terms: Falconer's 'Dictionary of the Marine', Smyth's 'Sailor's Word Book', the 'Dictionary of Science, Lierature and Art', by Brande and Cox, 'The Boating Man's vade-Mecum', by Winn, and Davies' 'Boat Sailing for Amateurs'. William Falconer dictionary was first published in 1769. (See sepaarate entry). 
Manual of Seamanship. Published by His Majestry's Stationery Office, London, 1937. Perhaps laater editions. 
Nautical Terms Under Sail. Country Life Books, London, 1978. 
Pacific Islands Pilot. Published by the Hydrographer of the Navy. Many editions. Volume 2 covers the western South Pacific Islands and is of most use to Australian interests. Published by the Hydrographer of the Navy. 
Sailing Directions and Other Information for the Ports and Harbours of Queensland. Government Printer, Brisbane 1968. (No doubt further editions). 
Sailing Directions - Victoria including Bass Strait. Ports and Harbours Division of the Public Works Department, Melbourne 1970. 
The Mariner's Handbook. Published by the Hydrographer of the Navy. First published 1962. Sevweral editions, and regular updates. provides a valuaable reference to the world's oceans, currents, winds, hazards, traffic, meteorology.  
Bird, James. Seaport Gateways off Australia. Oxford University Press, Melbourne & New York, 1968. A handy reference for details on major port geographic and historical details, approaches and roads.  
Bradford, Gershom. The Mariner's Dictionary. Weathervan Books, New York, 1952. 
Brown, Charles H. Brown.  Nicholls's Seamanship and Nautical Knowledge for Second Mates', Mates' and Masters' Examinations. Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd, Glasgow. Many editions (18th edition - 1938). 
Brown, Antony. Hazard Unlimited - The Story of Lloyd's of London. Peter Davies Ltd, London, 1973. A must read for anyone intersted in the loss of ships. 
Broxam, Graeme. Shipping Arrivals and Departures. Tasmania. Navarine Publishing. Roebuck Publications. Three volumes.  
Campbell, Bob. Duyfken - The Story of a Brave Ship & a Brilliant Replica
Published by Australian National Maritime Museum 2001 for Duyfken 1606 Replica Foundation. ISBN 0 642 70515 1, 24pp, illustrations. 
Collinder, Per. A History of Marine Navigation. B.T.Batsford Ltd, London, 1954. A very useful reference, perhaps an easier read than W.E.May, same title. 
Davis, Ralph. The Rise of the English Shipping Industry, in the 17th & 18th Centuries. David and Charles (Publishers) Ltd, London, 1962. A fairly heavy treatise but of immense importance.  
Evans, Vaughan. Marine Illustration Index Vols 1-3. An index to illustrations of ships, ports and places from 19th century illustrated newspapers. Vol 1: Illustrated Sydney News 1853-1889. Vol 2: Illustrated London News 1842-1891. Vol 3: Australasian Sketcher 1873 - 1889. 
Falconer, William. Falconer's Marine Dictionery. David & Charles Reprints, London 1970. Originally published in 1769, and many editions until 1815, by William Falconer under the title, 'An Universal Dictionary of the Marine or, A Copious Explanation of the Technical terms and Phrases employed in the Construction, Equipment, Furniture, Machinery, Movements, and Military Operations of a Ship .
Green, Jeremy. Maritime Archaeology - A Technical Handbook. Elsevier Academic Press, 2004. ISBN 0 12 298632 6. Hardcover, laminated boards, 470 pages, mono prints and drawings, index, extensive references.  A professional text for maritime archaeologists covering a wide range of topics: research, search and survey, photogrammetric techniques, excavation, recording. 
Guthrie, John. A History of Marine Engineering. Hutchinson of London, 1971. An excellent reference, specifically on the development of steam engines through to modern diesel and turbines. 
Harnack, Edwin P. All About Ships and Shipping. Faber & Faber Limited, London. first edition 1903, many subsequent editions. A Handbook of Popular nautical Information, with Numerous Diagrams, Plans and Illustrations. A most useful handbook. 
Holms, A. Campbell. Practical Shipbuilding - A Treatise on the Structural Design and Building of Modern Steel Vessels. Longmans, Green & Co., London, First published 1904, many editions.   
Horner, Frank. Looking for La Perouse - D'Enterecasteaux in Australia and the South Pacific1792-1793. Melbourne University Press, 1995. ISBN 0522 84451 0. Hardcover and paperback, 318 pages, mono drawings, explanatory notwes, references, bibliography and index.  
Hurd, Sir Archibald (ed). Ports of the World. Various editions. The Shipping World Limited, London, first edition pre 1949. A handy reference.   
Ibbotson, John. Lighthouse of Australia. Images fromthe End of an Era. Australian Lighthouse Traders, Victoria, 2001. ISBN 0 646-41674-X. Hardcover, dust kacker, large format, full colour througout, 282 page, index, glossary, chronological list of construction. Contents arranged by state. A truly wonderful book which will serve many generations to come, offering a magnificent photographic and historic record of Australia's lighthouses. The photographs are exceptional. The author and his publishing company have also released a small book, Lighthouse of Australia - A Visitors Guide, released 2003, ISBN 0 9581214-1-9, hardcover, 258 pages. This also is an excellent reference and a handy book to take on a trip. 
Jenkins, David. Hitting Home - The Japanese attack on Sydney Harbour. Published May 1992 by Random Century Australia for the Australian National Maritime Museum. ISBN 0 09 182668 3. 96 pp. New edition by Australian War Memorial.
Jones, Ian & Joyce Jones. Oceanography in the Days of Sail. Hale & Iremonger, Sydney, 1992. 
Kemp, Peter (ed). The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea. Oxford University Press, London, 1976. A fascinating book in its own right, and a valuable reference on all matters pertaining to the sea. 
Macarthur, Antonia. His Majesty's Bark Endeavour - The story of the ship and her People. 
Draws on the author's research into Cook's ship for the Endeavour Replica Project. Published 1997 by Angus & Robertson/ HarperCollins in association with the Australian National Maritime Museum. ISBN 0 207 19180 8. 96 pp, colour illustrations.
May, W.E. A History of Marine Navigation. G.T.Foulis & Co. Ltd, Oxfordhsire, UK, 1973. Gives an excellent account of early and modern navigation means. 
Nicholson, Ian Hawkins. Shipping Arivals and Departures Sydney 1841-1844. Roebuck Society Publication No. 34. Includes index to Ships, Persons and a Gazetter. A valuable reference. 
   Log of Logs. A Catalogue of Logs,  Journals, Shipboard Diaaries, Letters, and All Forms of Voyage Narratives 1788 - 1993, for Australia and new Zealand, and Surroundding Oceans. In three volumes. Roebuck Society Publications. A most useful and remarkable bibliography. 
   Shipping Arivals and Departures Sydney 1788-1825. Roebuck Society Publication No. 22. Includes index to Ships and Persons. A valuable reference. 
   Ships Employed in the South Seas Trade 1775-1861. Roebuck Society Publication No. 36. Includes Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen Transctipts of Registers of Shipping 1787-1862 by A.G.E.Jones. 
   Shipping Arivals and Departures Tasmania Vols 1 and 2. together with Gazetter of Tasmanian Shipping. Roebuck Society Publication No. 33. Includes index to Ships and Persons. A valuable reference. 
   Gazetter of Sydney Shipping, 1788-1840. Canberra, Australia. Roebuck Society Publication # 26. Being a geographical index of ports of origin and destination, and places discovered, visited or remarkled upon by Sydney shipping of the period. An extremely useful reference, in particular to resolving geographical names that have changes since the times refered. 
Nordbok, A.B.  The Lore of Ships. Crescent Books, Great Britain, 1975. A large format, hardcover, 280 page book which provides a glossary of terms in fine detail, complete with diagrams. 
Pelsaert, Francois . The Voyage of the Batavia. Australian Maritime Series No 2. Facsimile of the illustrated 1647 Amsterdam edition Ongelockige Voyagie, Van't Schip Batavia with an introduction by Martin Terry, published for the Australian National Maritime Museum by Hordern House, Sydney, 1994. ISBN 1 875567 06 2 (ISSN 1037-1338). 204 pp. Edition limited to 700 copies.
Radok, Rainer. Capes and Captains - A Comprehensive Study of the Australian Coast. Surrey Beatty & Sons, New South Wales, 1990. An excellent gaazetter and potted history of discovery. 
Singe, John. The Torres Strait - Poeple and History. St.Lucia, Queensland Univeristy Press, 1979.  Adds to the knowledge of the development of the islands and its people, and their involvement with the sea. 
Stephensen, P.R. A History and Description of Sydney Harbour. Rigby Limited, Australia, 1966. 
Syme, Marten A. Shipping Arrivals and Departures - Victorian Ports. Roebuck Society Publication. In two volumes, Vol 1, 1798-1845, published Melbourne 1984; Vol 2, 1846-1855, Melbourne 1987. 
Thrower, W.R. Life at Sea in the Age of Sail. Phillimore& Co. Ltd, UK, 1972. Provides a very interesting, concise essay on what it was like on board the sailing ship, considering the medical and social situation, food, work and recreation. No appreciation of the loss of immigrant ships and life can be held without an understanding of life on board. 
Toghill, Jeff. Ghost Ports of Australia. Macmillan Company of Australia, South Melbourne, 1984. Adds greatly to the knowledge of the smaaller ports which played such an important role in the development of Australia, and where so many ships were wrecked. 
Turner, Harold A. The Principles of Marine Insurance. Stone & Cox Ltd, London, no date, circa 1930s. 
Tver, David F. Oceans and Marine Dictionary. Cornell Maritime Press, Inc., Maryland, USA. 1879. 'An up-to-date Authoritative Ready Reference to all aspects of marine and ocean environment. Indispensaable for the professional or anyone studying the life of the sea.' 
Underhill, Harold A. Sailing Ship Rigs & Rigging. Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd, London, first published 1938. Contains thirty-three authentic plans of famous vessels of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Very useful for  fuller understanding of rigging, for full rigged ships to smaller ketches, cutters and yachts. 
Underhill, Harold A. Masting & Rigging - The Clipper Ship and Ocean Carrier. Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd., London, first edition 1946. The definitive work. 
Villiers, Alan. The Way of a Ship - The History of the Square-Rigged Sailing Ship. White Lion Publishers, London and New York, 1954. If you need to read just the one book on the operation of a fully rigged ship, this is the one. 
Walton, Thomas. Know Your Own Ship. Charles Griffin & Co., London, 1899. The mechanics and physics of the steel steamship. 

MANUSCRIPTS AND LISTS

Wrecks and Shipping Disasters. The Australian Encyclopedia. Vols 1 and 2. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1927. This is one of the earliest listings of shipwrecks in Australian waters, and although the individuaal entries have little text, it is frequently referenced by researchers.  
Pixley, A.J. Eagle Heights, Queensland, 1970.  List of Wrecks and Strandings in Queensland Waters. Certainly referenced by Jack Loney and no doubt other maritime authors.


 
 
For BOOKS on shiprecks and ships, link on the image right, or go direct to:
AUSTRALIAN SHIPWRECKS
MARITIME ARCHAEOLOGY
MARITIME HISTORY
SHIPS AND SHIPPING
TREASURE WRECKS
WORLD SHIPWRECKS
 
Last update: 15 January 2009