Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks website for additional material. The following details are relevant to the book Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks published in 2006.

This page aims to document the corrections, ommissions and other material relevant to the ships listed in the book. It is to be appreciated that once a book of this nature is released, further material may be found which is relevant to the aims of the book. Whilst time and enthusiam is available, such 'updates' will be maintained by the author with a view to providing further credibility and relevance to the reader.

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CORRECTIONS - LISTED BY VESSEL
CORRECTIONS BY PAGE NUMBER
ADDITIONAL VESSELS
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL  BY LOCATION
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL ON LOCATIONS
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CORRECTIONS, OMMISSIONS & ADDITIONAL REFERENCES - LISTED BY VESSEL.
 
 

Agnes. Schooner, 82 tons. ON 31587. Lost Cape Jaffa region, S.A.. Page 15. Additional reference [JNC]

Alexander. Sloop 10/13 tons. Foundered in a gale after leaving Shoalhaven, NSW, for Sydney, 15 April 1848. Carrying 400 bushels of grain and two tons of potatoes, was in company with Henry, Louise and Wave, but disappeared off Port Aiken, and presumed to have foundered. From SMH, 21 April 1848. [RM] Page 26.

Alice. Cutter, 13 tons. Reported as wrecked Intercourse Island, Northern Territory, but this island is actually off north-west Western Australia in the Dampier Archipelago. Page 31

Amelia. Wooden cutter, 15 to 20 tons. Listed as foundered near Twofold Bay early 1826. However,  The Australian, 9 March 1826, lists: Amelia feared lost - left Preservation Island for East Pyramid Rock, 36 miles distant, on 12 January 1826. With 30 days passed - nothing heard of her. [RM] Page 39

America. The cutter America, was commanded by William Henry Shetland Thompson with four male crew and Thompson's 13-year-old defacto wife Barbara Crawford Thompson. They were in search of the wreck of the whaler ‘Clarence' that was hung up on Bampton Reef near Vanuatu in June 1844. Five crew members rowed a whale boat into Brisbane about three or four weeks after the ‘Clarence' was wrecked. Thompson retrieved some of the oil casks and headed for Port Essington but was wrecked at Majii Reef near Nurapi Island (Horn Island) in the Torres Strait. [The above was submitted by author and historian Raymond Warren of Brisbane who has completed a book, ‘Wildflower - The Barbara Crawford Thompson Story', and has written an encyclopaedic work of some 10,000 tall ships. Page 40.

Ann. Actual vessel not identified.  Sydney Herald, 3/4/1834, indicates, "No less than four wrecks are now lying on the beach at Newcastle - the Ann, Monitor, Ceylon, & Mary Ann". [RM] Page 45.

Ann. Schooner, 53 tons. ON 32506. Probably change of date - From Queensland Guardian, 10/6/1864 per SMH 15/6/1864: Yesterday, (9 June 1864), the steamer Eagle ran into the Schooner Ann lying at anchor in the channel at the entrance to the Brisbane River. The Ann was loaded with coal for the dredge & sank in four minutes. Eagle was under the charge of Pilot Bowles but it was too dark to see. [RM] Page 46.

Anna Maria. Wooden 2-mast schooner, 50 tons. From SMH, 30 May 1848: The schooners Anna Maria and Clara were both of seventy to eighty tons burthen and were both built on the Clarence River by Mr. W.H. Chowne for Mr Robey of Sydney, expressly for the Lake Macquarie trade. Two barges were launched at Mr Winship's yard at Stockton only a week earlier on the 24th of May to carry coal from the mines at Lake Macquarie to a depot that Mr Robey had established
near the sea entrance to the lake, from where the two schooners would carry the coal to Sydney. The two schooners were new and had only arrived in Sydney on Saturday (27th May, 1848) last. SMH, 10 August 1857: Captain H. H. Capps, mate, cook and 4 seamen all perished when lost in July 1857. Left Richmond for Sydney about 20 July 1857. [RM]
Note: Listed in book, page 49, as Anne Maria. 

Anne Maria. See Anna Maria (above). Page 49. 

Annie Ogle. Brig. Additional material: The following from the Grafton Argus, 17 March 1875: Part of the wreck of the Annie Ogle with a master's certificate tied to the handle of the cabin door in favour of John Macdonald, and sterns of two boats painted laavender outside and cream colour inside, one painted "Annie Ogle" outside and "WIlliam Spence" inside, were found off Smoky Cape.  Page 53. [RWG]

Aphrasia. Wooden paddle steamer, 94 tons. ON 31610. Additionl or amended information: Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser, 15/3/1841 indicates built by Mr Lowe at Deptford, Williams River, NSW; 110 feet overall, between paddle boxes 17 ft 3in, two engines each of 22hp, manufactured by Mr Coke of Sydney. New Zealand herald, 7 October 1864, per SMH 21 October 1864, lists: Total wreck of the steamer Aphrasia, paddle steamer 91 tons. Left NZ port (where-ever the NZ Herald newspaper operated) for Sydney on Sunday 30 September 1864 with all going well until Tuesday, when a leak developed. Captain decided to run her ashore. By Thursday (4th October) the leak had been mastered and a fresh start was made but the water again begun rapidly gaining, but before the vessel could again be beached she sank upon the rocks in Tako Bay about 15 miles north of the Bay of Islands. Two hundred Maoris claimed her and began stripping her of everything they could lay their hands on. No lives lost, crew started out on the walk to Russell. See also Star of Victoria, ON 32238. [RM] Page 56.

Augustus. Barque, 138 tons. Sydney Herald, 10 November 1840, reports:  for Port Phillip. [RM] Page 72.

Australian. Whaling Barque, listed as 306 tons. State Records NSW, Return of Fisheries 1831, AO 4/7267, lists: Australian, barque, 264 tons. Crew 29, left NSW 4 February 1830 returned with 22 February 1831 with 190 tons of sperm whale oil, estimated value 9,700 Pounds. SMH, 2 April 1855 lists Colonial built whaling Barque Australian, 306 tons register, for sale. The folowing from the Sydney Herald, 18 April 1831, is apparently relevant to the this whaling barque: Mr Grono, the spirited builder of the ship Australian, has another vessel of large dimensions in a considerable state of forwardness, at his building yard on the Hawkesbury river. (A) great part of the timber is obtained on the large and beautiful grant of 2500 acres, given by His Excellency the Governor, to Mr. Grono for his indefatiguable exertions in the building of the Australian, which, it gives us pleasure to think has made a successful voyage to the whale fishery. She was the first vessel of this size, wholly built out of colonial materials, and rigged with flax from
New  Zealand. [RM] Page 76.

Brunswick. Screw steamship, 174 tons. Lost manning River enrance 1886. Additional material: The "Murray" and the "Brunswick" Wrecks - Mr. Nicholl, and his assistant, joined the steamer "Coraki" at Newcastle on Tuesday last, and came by her to the Manning River to blow up the wrecks of the "Brunswick" and "Murray" steamers. As the bar is smooth at present, they will have a good opportunity to do so. Captain Boulden received a wire on Thursday morning from Harrington informing him that the "Brunswick's" mast and davit had been blown away. (Manning River Times newspaper 18 June, 1898).
The wrecks of the "Murray" and "Brunswick" are now completely covered with sand. Divers Nicholl and McIntyre were here blowing the wrecks up - several shots being fired. They left for Newcastle this morning in the Government tug "Dione". (Manning River Times newspaper 2 July, 1898) [From Rod and Wendy Gow]. Page 129. 

Cape Jaffa. Fishing boat. Lost Cape Jervis, 1973. Page 144. Additional reference. [JNC] 

City of Adelaide. Composite three-mast barque. Page 175. 
This clipper is of extraordinary heritage importance with respect to 19th century migration to Australia,  Australian trade, Australian nation building, and the relationship between Britain and the Australian colonies.  The City of Adelaide represents the foundation era of Australian maritime, economic and social history. The hull of the vessel still exists. The owners of the Scottish slipway where she currently sits want her removed and, as a consequence, the UK authorities plan to 'deconstruct' her.  She needs to be brought back to Australia as she is a unique part of our heritage. Otherwise she will be lost forever, and indeed it is a miracle that she has survived for so long. The following website contains an electronic petition - please sign, and advise your friends - for the sake of our national heritage and our children. 
Visit  http://www.cityofadelaide.org.au

City of Rayville. On 1 April 2009, the Melbourge Age printed a half-page article on the discovery of the wreck of the steel ship City of Rayville that was lost when mined in Bass Strait on 8 November 1940 - the first American ship sunk in World War 2. She was located 15km south of Cape Otway at the western entrance to Bass Strait due a geophysical survey of the ocean bed by Deakin University. No depth was mentioned but no doubt she will be visited by technical divers on mixed-gas sometime in the near future. Rumours persisted three decades ago that the location of the vessel was known and had been ddived, but I could never confiirm this.  Page 180.

Coimbatore. Iron barque, 1205/1122 tons. Slash / is missing between values. This from Peter Roach, Winnipeg, Canada: I have come across the written diarys of my Garndfather - Master Mariner W. D. Roach. Th diarys describe his days as an apprentice on board the Barque Zinita, and has several pages devoted to that day Dec 25th, 1905. As the apprentice on watch with the mate, he had a full view of what happened. Indeed he called "All Men on Deck" as the collision seemed unavoidable. He also heard Captain of the doomed ship shouting for help, and the floundering of the ship with a 24-hour search for surviors afterward. Indeed a crewman did jump from the shrouds of the sinking ship to the shrouds of the other as they collided and survided as a result. The ship I think was loaded with iron and
sank quickly. The weather appeared to be poor and raining hard. Page 188. 

Cygnet. Schooner. ON 71759. Page 215. Additional material from John Nicholson, private correspondence. 
In at least two publications reference is made to the schooner Cygnet being lost near Rivoli Bay in 1876. The error being compounded by the inclusion on the internet of a typo from Wrecks on the South Australian Coast by Jack Loney
regarding the Cygnet. Loney  states that the Cygnet was 19 ft long and 20 ft wide, extraordinary dimensions for a schooner, the correct length being 79 feet. This was another non event in that the vessel was not lost, in fact it only went
ashore and was refloated without damage. The Cygnet sailed from Victor Harbour on Aug 28, 1876, bound for Rivoli Bay. During the night of Aug 31 the schooner broke from her moorings and drifted ashore at Rivoli Bay South. She was nearly got off on Sept 1 st, but the tackling broke. It was expected that she would be refloated the following day and in any event reached Port Adelaide safely on the 6th. The Cygnet went on to have more close shaves in the waters of the SE before the sea eventually claimed her. The sunken Cygnet was found 9 miles south of Point Yorke and about 17 miles east of the Althorpe Islands on 22 August 1905, the 4 men on board apparently drowning. [JNC]

Cyprus. Wooden 2-mast brig, 108 tons. New reference: WH. Page 216.

Dunbar. Ship, 1321 tons, wrecked off Port Jackson heads 1857 - note, 1857, not 1858. This is one error, a terrible one at that, that I must accept full responsibility. Page 246.

Earl of Charlemont. Ship, Additional reference [BLE]. Page 253.

Elizabeth. Wooden 2-mast brig 130/84 tons. Sydney registration of 27/1836 is incorrect, if never seen again after 1829. [RM] Page 269

Elizabeth. Brig, 140 tons, lost Middleton Reef 1831. Several errors, and additional information: Sydney Gazette 9/4/1833 has : Elizabeth. Brig, Captain H.B. Brown, was found on 31 March 1833, in lat 29 Degrees 37 south, 158 degrees 58  longitude - high dry and deserted. Sailed some time back for NZ and appears to have been heading for Sydney - crew apparently took to the boats. Sydney Gazette 13/4/1833 indicates auction of wreck, burthen of 140 tons, supposed to have been wrecked 20 months previous. [RM] Page 270

Failford. Schooner. Typo and ommissdion. Captain Rosten. Date of newspaper is 2/6/1899. Page 309.

Falls of Halladale. Barque. Additional reference. 'The Diary of Jessie Scott Macgillivray'. [RJS] Page 312.

Fanny. Brig, 223/198 tons. British built. Lbd, 81ft 6in x 23ft 8in x 14ft 8. (according to SMH, 31 May 1853. [RM] Page 314. Not: Also listed second entry down on page 315. 

Fanny. Brig, 210 tons register, capacity of 350 tons, built Sunderland of British Oak expressly as a packet for the West Indies run. Now loading coal at the A.A. Co., Newcastle. From SMH, 16 December 1853. [RM] Page 315. This could be listed Fanny, ON 32266. 

Florence D. American supply ship. I dived on the wreck in the early 80’s – at night. There was a bit of the engine block left, but the unusual thing about the wreck is how to find it. The ship had a lot of beer in its cargo and the local aborigines are said to have drunk it over a period on the beach.  We found the wreck by looking for the broken glass along the nearby beach, then went some 50-100m out to sea when we found it. I was told that the ship was bombed by returning Japanese bombers who had a spare bomb and saw the ship off Bathurst Island. It eventually went aground near the beach. (From David Bromwich). Page 328.

 Frederick. Brig, 130 tons. New reference, SRT. Page 341.

General Grant. Fully rigged ship, lost Auckland Islands, 1866. Additional reference, book. [MAKS]. Page 354. 

George The Third. Convict vessel. Additional reference - [MRG]. Page 356.

Gitana. It would appear that three listing for Gitana are for the same vessel, viz. Gitana, schooner, 13 tons, ON 32369; Gitana, ketch, lost Sydney 1857; and Gitana, ketch, capsized Brisbane Waters 1857. SMH 7 February 1851 lists Gitana, about 20 tons burthern sailing vessel drawing only five feet, which is consistent with 13 tons gross. Also - William Boyd did rescue the two men clinging to her sides, according to the  SMH, 24 September 1857. [Extracts and conclusions  from RM] Pages 362,363. 

Governor Bourke. Schooner, 49 tons. Possible correction, or new vessel. Sydney Gazette, Thursday, 7 February 1833, lists, ‘Governor Bourke, whaler, barque 240 tons launched Tuesday last from the yard of Mr Grono, Hawkesbury near Pitt Town. Seventh vessel built by Mr Grono. [RM] Page 374.

Governor Hunter. Wooden schooner, 35 tons. Lost 1816. Tim Crampton (email 9/10/07) advises that explorer John Oxly saw the wreck on his 1818 expedition north of Sydney. "October 26 - Two miles and a half farther travelling brought us again on the beach, along which we went for near seven miles more, when the opening or lake seen from the point yesterday obliged us to make use of our boat. On the opposite side to us we saw the wreck of the brig Governor Hunter, now nearly covered with sand, at high water the tide washing over her. We had got the horses and great part of the luggage safely over, and I was on the point of setting out to look for a place to turn the horses on (the immediate margin of the bay being a swampy brush); when an alarm was given, that the natives had speared one of the people." Note that Oxley, a naval man, describes it as a brig, not a schooner. Page 374. Note: Mr Crampton's great great grandfather was on both 1817 & 1818 Oxley expeditions.

Hector. Need to rewrite this in view of additional information found: a copy of The Grafton Argus dated 14 May 1875 which predates the loss report later in the year; and to combine two entries for the vessel.  Page 399. New entry: Hector. Wooden 2-mast schooner, 115 tons. ON 32139. Built by John Ross, Hobart, 1865; reg. Sydney 57/1873, Melbourne 26/1866, Melbourne 40/1871. Lbd 93.5 x 19.9 x 8.4 ft. Owned by Thomas and Alexander Brown, and Robert Drewell of Sydney. Following entries in chronological order: (a) Captain Harrison. From Melbourne to Tasmania, sank in the West Channel, Port Phillip, not far from Queenscliff, 28 June 1871. The tug Resolute and the steamer Claude Hamilton went to her assistance and took off the crew. Several attempts were made to refloat her by the tug Titan but were not successful, abandoned 4 July.  Inquiry: Master's certificate suspended for nine months.   [AS3,LV,WPP]  Loney concedes that some reports indicate she was refloated two months later. Loney LV lists as lost 20 June. Williams WPP lists as lost 29 June, some doubt to whether she was raised. (b) It appears that she was indeed raised for we have an entry in The Grafton Argus, dated Friday 14 May 1875, refering to the Hector, identified by tonnage, when and where built, and owners, as follows (in part): ‘All hopes of the safety of the Hector are past. I don't think there is the slightest chance of her ever turning up. The Hector left Sydney on the 4th February (1875) and has not been heard of, neither has any vestige of her been seen, it may therefore be concluded that she foundered in the terrific gale which swept the coast on that night'. [RWG] (c) A further reference by the authors indicated: Left Sydney for the Richmond River on 3 December 1875 but was not seen again. Six lives lost. [AS3,LN,RPS,SAN] No conclusion can be drawn from these entries. There may well have been ‘a slightest chance' that the vessel did eventually turn up late May 1875 or thereafter;  or that the The Grafton Argus, who took their report from The Richmond River Express, got it wrong. Parsons and Loney, who provide entry (c), give no prime reference, and they may have been in error. 

Helen McGregor. Steamer. Additional material and reference. The Grafton Argus of 15 March 1875 has an extensive report on the loss of the vessel, which is named 'Helen M'Gregor' - of 300 tons, Captain A.C. Turner. Page 401. [RWG]

Hope. Barque, 231 tons. Lost entrance to Derwent, 1827. Correction: reference to 'two men were suspected of having cashed the money' should read 'cached the money'. Pointed out by researcher Greg Jefferys,  http://www.stradbrokeislandgalleon.com/hope.html. Greg also notes: 'Also, just as a point of interest, the amount of money (if the story is true) would not have been more than 5,000 pounds sterling as that was the quarterly pay and expenses of the Hobart garrison, the 40th Regiment Foot. Page 417. 

I-124. Japanese submarine. David Bromwich writes: You note that “the hull has not been penetrated by divers and is a war grave.” If this is the wreck that lead to the Historic Shipwrecks Act, then I think Carl Atkinson actually entered the wreck with hardhat diving gear. He said it was a tight squeeze. He mentioned to me entering a submarine off Bathurst Island with the intent of salvaging the mercury ballast (?80 t). He lived at Doctor’s Gully in Darwin for many years and was an experienced diver. Page 423.

Invincible. Composite paddle steamer, 84/44 tons. ON 93628. The following information kingly provided by Mr Robert Duncan of South Australia (email, 27/8/07): The invincible was salvaged from Goolwa in 1978 by Graham Barton, Ancliffe Architect from Berri; Denis Wasley, accountant from Monash; and John Craker from Berri. The hull was towed upstream by the Enterprise skippered by Bob Reed - the tow set a record at 640 km  (337 miles), taking 79.5 hrs of steaming time over 12 days. Sadly, it's unlikely the Invincible will ever move again. When acquired by the Milang Historic Steam & Shipping Museum in the 1990s,  (it's actually owned by the Dunk & Love families on loan to the museum), it was completely disassembled, plank by plank, in order to truck it from Berri to Milang. After the amount of time it's spent out of the water, I don't believe that much of the planking would be of any use. Which only leaves the frames. Again, being almost 120 years old, a lot of these might need to be replaced. Even if the vessel was reassembled I'm not sure it could be called original, but would more likely be a recreation incorporating pieces of the original. (Initially...) when she moved to Berri her hull was apparently in "reasonably" good condition. The owner at the time had a business building houseboats & for this he had constructed a small canal from the river up to his yard & a basic wet dock off this. The Invincible was floated up this canal & into the wet dock for work to start. She was moved above some piles, so when the water was released the she would settle on these. Unfortunately it wasn't deemed necessary to tie the boat in place & when the water was  allowed to flow out of the dock a current was formed which moved part of the boat away from the piles. As the water level dropped (quite quickly) part of the boat settled on the piles, the rest into a deeper section of the basin, resulting in the vessel's back being broken. The restoration was then abandoned (I would assume she was moved at this point), until the Milang group stepped in. Page 433. 

Jane. Wooden sloop; last seen off Cape Hawke, June 1816. Tim Crampton (email 9/10/07) advises that explorer John Oxley came across a lifeboat during his expedition to the northern NSW coast in 1818, which was recovered and used. "October 20 - At four o'clock the people set out to bring the boat, and at two o'clock they had brought her safely to the tent, having gone in that time upwards of twenty-six miles, thirteen of which they carried a twelve feet boat on their shoulders; a proof how much may be effected by a steady perseverance." The boat he speaks of was the 12 ft (3.6m) life boat which was discovered some 13 miles north of the mouth of the Manning River, the present day site of Harrington. The vessel from where it came was discovered on 25 October: "At a mile along the beach we found the wreck of a small vessel, which was recognised to be the Jane, of Sydney, belonging to Mills, before mentioned as the owner of the boat in our possession". Page 449. Note: Mr Crampton's great great grandfather was on both 1817 & 1818 Oxley expeditions.

Jane . Cutter, 34 tons. Two entries, indicating loss at Trial Bay in 1836, and another as lost Fiji Islands in 1846. Duplicate entries (see common re. Sydney 14/1835.) Incident of her ‘loss' at Trial Bay - she was apparently salvaged. [From RM] 
Page 449

Jane Williams. Wooden cutter. Additional information: ...... got off and the next day proceeded to Winship's shipbuilding yard at Stockton to be hove down for examination and repairs. SMH 15/4/1848. [RM] Page 452.

Janet. Wooden schooner, 39 tons. #32663. Additional history information. The schooner Janet was picked up at sea abandoned, by the steamer New Moon on 11 August 1864. Both vessels had been lying inside the MacLeay bar when at about 6am that morning the Janet parted from her anchors. With a strong fresh in the river the Captain and crew took to the boat and landed on the north head. The schooner went over the bar and the New Moon which had been taken upstream to avoid logs, set off in chase. It also got over the bar and after three hours caught up with the abandoned Janet, some 30 miles from the MacLeay River. At 7pm it got alongside. Captain Sykes and two hands took charge of the schooner of about 60 tons [burthen], which was laden with maize. The New Moon was brought to Sydney by its owner Mr. Marshall. Detail from SMH,  15 August 1864. And later from the SMH, the schooner Janet arrived at Cape Moreton on the 16th August 1864. [From RM]. Page 453. 

John & Charlotte. Schooner, 93 tons. Additional information.  Sydney Shipping List, December 1840, records as 93 tons, hence date recorded of 1842 may be incorrect. SMH, 18 May 1848, records under an auction notice that she was built in 1840. [From RM] Page 462. 

John Anderson. According to SMH, 2 October 1855, the vessel was a brig. [From RM]  Page 463.

Julie Heyn. To clarify her loss; extract from The South Australian Register,  Friday 9 June, 1865, in turn taken from ‘a Kiama paper'. Left Newcastle 1 May, bound for Adelaide, laden with coal;experienced strong southerly gales, the sea washing away poop skylights and destroying one boat. Rounded Cape Howe on the 11th, and sighted Deal Island, Kent's Group, on the following day; met a strong gale from S.W. veering from S.W. to W.N.W. Laid-to until the evening of the 15th. With water gaining, crew unable to leave the pumps, bore up for Sydney, reaching Cape St. George; crew being nearly exhausted and vessel rapidly settling down, captain determined to abandon her to preserve life. Page 474.

Juno. Barque, 212 tons. Additional information. River steamer Breadalbane rendered assistance, according to SMH, 29 May 1857. State Records NSW also records: Juno. Brig, 212 tons, crew of 12, left NSW 28 January 1831 & returned 23 September 1831 with 60 tons of black whale oil estimated value 1200 pounds. [From RM] Page 475

Karrakatta. Steamship, lost WA 1901. Further reference: chapter in Pearls of the Past RFE. Page 483.

Lady Stirling. Coastal trader/cutter, 25 tons. Additional information. Letter dated 9th July 1840, ‘The Lady Sterling was wrecked yesterday and is now lying on the Fremantle side of Woodman's point.' reported in Sydney Herald, 22 October 1840. [From RM]  Page 516

Lass of Geraldton. Schooner, 37 tons. Additional information. From WA Museum website. After attempts to refloat it failed, the wreck was abandoned in 14 metres of water about 4km out to sea. Page 521.

Leichhardt. Steamer. Trading on Murray River. Additional information. Built by Laird and Co. of Birkenhead, UK, in 1855. Made of best Lowmoor iron; 115 feet length, 23 ft breadth, of hold 8feet depth. Engines by Fawcett, Preston and Co., nominally of 60 h/p. From SMH, 12 October 1858. [From RM] Page 526.

Liberty. Schooner, 54 tons. Built 1849. Additional information. Built by John Spithill of Balmain, Sydney. Lbd 61 x 16 x (hold) 8 ft. Carries 31,000 ft of cedar. From SMH, 21 April 1858. [From RM] Page 530.

Light of the Age. The following additional information from rsearcher Campbell Ford is relevant. "I have never found any documents which actually record the change of name of the Beacon Light to the Light of the Age; the evidence is all circumstantial, but it seems to be compellingly so. The closest clue is the first notice in the Times shipping notices, which irrefutably links the LOTA to the builder Jotham Stetson. Fairburn's Merchant Sail lists every vessel built by Stetson, including two: Beacon Light and Harry Bluff which were launched in 1855, but not the Light of the Age.  It also lists the subsequent fate of all Stetson's vessels, including the Harry Bluff, but not the Beacon Light, which is never mentioned again. This, added to the report in the Boston Atlas of the Beacon Light's swift maiden voyage to London the same year, puts her in the right place at the right time to become the only logical candidate to be the Light of the Age."  Page 530.

London. Iron auxiliary steamer, ON50114. Wrecked Bay of Biscay 1866. Additional reference.  "Wreck of the 'London'".No author listed. Published by Sampson, Low, Son and Marston, London. 1866. Page 544. [SL].

Lucy Ann. Schooner, 42 tons. Additional information. Lost ashore with a load of cedar while attempting to get out of the Bellinger River. ‘The vessel not injured and it was expected that it would be got off'. SMH, 4 December 1857. [From RM] Note: There is a duplication of the entry for this vessel. There is no confirmation that the vessel was indeed saved. Page 553.

Margaret Brock. In text, Margaret Brock Reef indicated as south of Guichen Bay. It is north of Guichen Bay. Page 580.

Maria. Barque, 450 tons. From Antwerp to Sydney, disappeared. See page 582. Should read as 400 ton barque Marie; see page 584. 

Marie. Three-mast barque, 400 tons. Belgian flag. Additional information from Wilfred Burie of Belgium: Name of the passenger: Wyvekens, Edouard-Hubert. Promoted as "Consul Honoraire de Belgique à Sydney" the 9/12/1850 in Brussels by the King Léopold 1st. Embarked on the "Maria" (sic - should be Marie)  in Antwerp (Belgium) the 22/05/1851 with Frédéric Delty, his partner, and few young belgian farmers desirous to found cattle and agricultural exploitations in Australia. Page 584.

Mayflower. Brigantine, 76 tons. ON 31666. On Monday, 6 October 1856, under the command of Captain Morris, stranded at Don Heads, north coast Tasmania, damaging her keel when the Captain's instructions were misunderstood. From Launceston Examiner, 11 October 1856 per SMH 22 October 1856. [RM] Page 609

Murray. Iron paddle-steamer. Lost entrance Manning River, 1886. Additional material, see Brunswick, above. 

Myola. Iron steamer, lost 1919. Additional refernce - JR:Myola - Sydney's Last Shipwreck, John Riley and Peter Fields. [JR] Page 644. 

Nereus. Brig, 124-74/94 tons Rescued the crew of the brig Belinda on 8 December 1824 following that vessel's wreck in the Recherche Archipelago, WA. Reports in Sydney Gazette,  4 September 1832, and Sydney Herald, 8 July 1839. [RM] Page 658

Norfolk. Steamship. ON 112585. Some confusion with researchers as to when the jury rig voyage occured - 1906, or 1910; the entry text does not help the situation as it indicates that the problem commenced in 1910, and she reached Fremantle in 1906. According to respected maritime historian Ron Parsons, the 1910 date should read 1906. Ron adds, "just where you culled 1910 from is beyond my poor powers of deduction". Criticism accepted. Page 668

Nora Creina.British built paddle steamer,  93 tons register, 140 tons burden, 85 h/p single engine by Smith and Rogers of Glasgow: for auction as part of the assets of the Shoalhaven Steam Navigation Co. Info as per Sydney Morning Herald, 21 March 1856.  [RM] Also: iInvolved in rescue barque Annie, 1858. [LN] Page 667.

North America. American whaler, 260 tons. Perth Gazette per Sydney Herald 22 October 1840, notes that the American whalers Samuel  Wright and Andicott were wrecked in the same storm as the North America. The Andicott was apparently anchored at Geography Bay, whereas the other two vessels were anchored at KGI (?) and were wrecked on Coobana Bay, Swan River.  The Lady Sterling was also cleaned up by the same storm. Page 670. [RM]

Nyora. Steam Tug. ON 120760. Lost Cape Jaffa region, S.A., 9 July 1917. Page 675. Additional reference [JNC]

Octopus. Dredge. This (additional) contribution from Mr Neil Price, Australia (with appreciation, thankyou): Part of a letter written to my Grandfather by an Archie G Simms of Durban S A dated 14 November 1906 from Durban contains the following: “You may perhaps heard about the dredges Walrus and Octopus which were purchased by the Geelong Harbour Board – the Walrus left here several months ago & has not yet been heard of now being months overdue at your end, all hope of her ever reaching you being given up. The Octopus left here one Saturday morning & before going 24 hours met with rough weather and floundered the crew managed to launch two boats but struck the rocks & they were drowned, the Captains’ wife & two kiddies being drowned within a few yards of the shore, this happened just up the coast near Tongaat.”  Page 680.

Oliver Frost. Brigantine, 150 tons. ON 40943. SMH, 15 October 1856, indicates, ‘Captain Mc Avenny, left Sydney on 3 October 1856 for Melbourne. Went ashore at Mowera about 7 miles south of Twofold Bay, when unable to see rocks in thick weather, on 12th October 1856. No lives lost and most of the cargo saved. Ebenezer, cutter despatched to collect the crew and saved cargo. [From RM] Page 683

Oliver van Noord - Olivier van Noort.
From Maritime Museum Rotterdam, The Netherlands. The correct spelling of the name of the Dutch barque is 'Olivier van Noort'. Olivier van Noort was a famous Dutch seaman who lived from 1558 or 1559 until 1627. Name of the owner, name of the captain, home port and fate of the ship you mention are correct. In our museum library there are three books written by Ton F.J. Pronker. You can check this by searching our museum collection search system. (www.maritiemdigitaal.nl). Page 683.

Onward. Wooden barque, 286 tons. Reference to SMH, refering to wrecking at Bond's Reef, should be dated 3/1/1879, not 3/3/1879. This reference indicates Onward, barque,wrecked on Bond's Reef  15 September 1878 when collecting natives to obtain guano at Bamford Shoal. She settled and broke; 13 crew & 47 natives took to 5 boats. One boat picked up by Gazelle at Rubyanna, two boats made Queensland, and two boats missing. [From RM] Page 686.

Our Hope. Brig, lost Oamaru, NZ, 1872. The following is of interest: "The master of the Morning Light, schooner, which arrived at Brisbane recently, reports that, seven miles south of Cape Palmerston, he found on the beach a boat constructed of ship's planking, painted white, named "Our Hope", apparently a long time in the water. A. Walker's patent ship log, a hand lead-line, and a small lot of carpenter's tools, were aboard, but no sign of anybody in the vicinity."  As reported in Grafton Argus newspaper of 27 November, 1874, which was extracted from the Sydney Morning Herald. Page 697. [Rod and Wendy Gow]

Pacific. Barque, 313 tons. According to SMH, 21 June 1864, lost ashore south side,
Crookhaven Heads, NSW, at six o'clock on 13 June 1864. One seaman drowned, vessel high & dry above high water mark The vessel was got off some three months later. [RM]  Page 698. 

Pandora. HMS frigate. Additional reference, [PGP]. Page 701. 

Paterson. Wooden schooner, 48 tons. Additional information. Sydney Herald,  8 January 1835, indicates, ‘little craft - about 60 tons - built by Mr. Brown of Macquarie Place, Sydney.' Possibly same craft. [RM] Page 705.

Pericles. Twin-screw steel steamer. Page 714. Today the Pericles lies roughly on a NW-SE axis, large and relatively level
though with the engine and boiler still impressive to behold, and alone distinct enough to rise the echo-sounder from the surrounding 39m to 25m. Her mid-section, at 34m average depth, is a mess of algae-covered ribs and twisted pipes, the result of extensive salvage and the might of the sea beneath the lighthouse separating the Southern and Indian Oceans.  A survey of her full length is underway but, cloaked in swells and currents, the Pericles rarely welcomes visitors. [Contribution by WA diver Peter Buzzacott, email, 11/5/2006].

Pilot. Schooner, 1101 tons. Possibly same vessel as the following entry, ON 31784, in which case the tonnage is wrong. SMH 20 May 1858 lists a vesel, Pilot,  Aberdeen schooner , 115 tons register. [RM]  Page 724. 

Planet. Paddle steamer. Builder William Peat of Balmain (as listed), also - built under the inspection of Mr.Marshall who also built the steamer Star about 3 years ago: according to SMH 28/11/1854. [RM] Page 727.

Pretty Jane. Schooner, lost Ninety-Mile Beach, Vic, May 1882. The remains of the wreck, several timber ribs/beams and a boiler, reappeared off Loch Sport, Ninety-Mile Beach. There had been no reported sightings of the wreck since her loss; a Parks Victoria ranger reported the sighting in January 2009. Page 739. (Reported in Yarram Standard News, 11/2/09.)

Port Macquarie Packet. Schooner. Correction: Built 1835, not 1845. [RM]  Page 734.

Prospector. Schooner. Possible correction to builder's name. SMH, 25 September 1854, indicates, fine new schooner arrived 22 September 1854 from the McLeay River where it was built by Mr.
Corcoran. Length overall 82 ft, keel 62 ft, beam 18 ft 6 inches, depth of hold 7 ft and draught loaded 6ft 9 inches; built on same model as Aberdeen clippers.' [RM]  Page 746.

Quail. Ketch, 11 tons. Possible contradiction. SMH, 2 February 1856, indicates, ‘colonial built ketch Quail, 18 tons burthen, for sale.  [RM]. Page 749. 

Red Rover. Schooner 80/65. Vessel listed as Belle Ceeaole should be Belle Creole. Page 763.

Robert Burns. Wooden schooner, 45 tons. Additional information. Reg. Port Adelaide 1897. SMH 31 October 1856 lists schooner Robert Burns assisting schooner Atlanta. [RM] Page 776.

Rodney.Wooden Ship 877 tons. Additional information and possible correction. SMH, 20 October 1858, indicates the Oliver Van Noord, Northumberland, Rodney and Sea Park were sailing in company through the Torres Straight when in the early am of 7 June 1858,  the Oliver Van Noord, (Captain Jacob Timmermans), and the Rodney (Captain Bissett), struck. The crew of the Oliver Van Noord were picked up by the Northumberland and taken to the Batavia. The crew of the Rodney were also rescued by the Northumberland, but Captain Bissett and part of his crew were transferred to the Sea Park which evidently took them on to Calcutta. SMH also refers to loss at ‘Kerns' Reef. [RM]. Page 779. It must be emphasised again that newspaper reports should not be taken as gospel, and perhaps the listed date of 7 January 1858 is correct. 

Rose of Eden. Wooden schooner, 50 tons. Additional information. SMH, 25 June 1852, lists as total wreck on a reef on Bengolia Beach between Broken Bay and Sydney Heads. This should read Bilgola Beach. [RM] Page 784.

Royal Charter. Steamship, 2719 tons. Additional reference CLH. (And a most significant reference at that.) Page 789. 

Ruth. Cutter, 12 tons. Additional information.Sydney Herald, 19 June 1839 lists, ‘fine new built cutter Ruth, built at Brisbane Water in year 1837. [RM] Page 794

Salween. Wooden ship, 286 tons. Additional history information. SMH, 18 June 1857, indicates Salween, barque, upset at Newcastle on 11 June, in the Blind Channel, opposite the coal shoots. The vessel had discharged its ballast preparatory for loading a cargo of coal. Only moored by a single anchor, a gust during a gale turned her over. The vessel was lying at the end of the sandspit at the lower part of the Channel.  No lives lost.The vessel was later righted. [RM] Page 797. 
Note: Two entries listed for the one ship. 

Sapphire. Barque, 255 tons. (No measurement listed). From SMH 17/5/1852. [RM] Page 801.

Sarah Wilson. Indicated as brigantine, but SMH 15/4/1848 lists as schooner. Also additional information, cutter Jane Williams, going in on the same night, mistook the Sarah Wilson for a vessel at anchor, and was also grounded, but got off and the next day proceeded to Winship's shipbuilding yard at Stockton to be hove down for examination and repairs. [RM] Page 807.

Sir William Wallace. Brig, 225 tons. Appears to have been "lately used as bathing ship", before being offered for sale or auction, according to  SMH, 6/10/1858. [RM] Page 831.

Sophia. The schooner listed by Loney [LN] and driven ashore in gale, Twofold Bay, 1825, may have been the property of Edward Cory,  a reputable settler at Newcastle. Details:  length 42 feet, breadth of beam 10 ft 6 in, depth of hold 5ft 10 inches: according to The Australian, 8/12/1825. [RM] Page 837.

St.Paul. Steamship, 1633 tons. Depth listed as 60m. Diver Chris Joyce records her depth in Moreton Bay as 42-43m. Page 851.

Starling. Vessel mentioned in [JNC]

Three Sisters. Wooden coastal trader, cutter, 17 tons. Additional information: appears to have been salvaged, as  Sydney Shipping list of December 1840 lists Three Sisters, 17 tons. [RM]. Page 901.

Thunderbird. Fishing boat. Page 901. Additional reference. [JNC]

Tommy. Schooner, 59 tons. Additional information: built at Hobart Town entirely of seasoned blue gum by John Watson and finished in November 1856: carried 80 tons weight, 130 tons measurement, according to  SMH 4/11/1857. [RM] Page 907.

Toogooloo. Schooner, 101 tons. ON 106204. Additional information: From Manning River Times, 26/9/1900. "The schooner Toogoloo, on being towed out on Thursday evening last, grounded on the inner spit ; and although for quite a considerable time the tug endeavoured to drag her over, all attempts proved abortive. On being taken back to her moorings, the vessel lost steerage way, and came in contact with the public wharf, carrying away the waiting shed, and in doing so doing some slight damage to the vessel's stern. The waiting shed was completely demolished". [RM] Page 907.

Triton. Brig. Stranded at Port Fairy, Victoria. Additional information, from Portland Guardian per SMH, 17/5/1853:Triton got off the beach at Port Fairy. [RM] Page 914.

Uncle Tom. Wooden schooner, 125 tons. ON 32509. Additional information: SMH 23/4/1855 lists, ‘clipper brig or 3-masted Scottish clipper schooner rigged, 126 tons register; (for) freight or charter. Also SMH 27/9/1854, ‘two years old, registers 150 tons, but has just discharge 200 tons dead weight, built Ardrossan in County of Ayr, Scotland, 105 ft length per register.' [RM] Page 923.

Venus. wooden brig, around 140 tons. Lost Alert Reef, 1 July 1829. Parsons notes that this is Lihou Reef (in the Coral Sea) some 400 miles off Cairns. A chart in the Archives Nationales (France) shows the reef where the Venus was lost as being of the same longitude and latutude of Lihou Reef. Appreciation to Derek Leask for bringing this to my attention. Page 933..

Venus. Woodern 2-mast schooner, 28 tons. Lost in the Pelsart Group, Abrolhos islands, 10 April 1851. Additional information and possible correction. State Records NSW, AO 4/7267 - Return of Fisheries 1831, lists  ‘288 tons, crew of 29, left NSW 4 January 1831 and returned 2 December 1831 with 30 tons Sperm whale oil & 150 tons of Black whale Oil, estimated total value 4,500 Pounds.' [RM] Page 933.

Victoria. Schooner, 29 tons. Lost Cape Jaffa region, SA., 9 June 1846. Page 937. Additional reference [JNC]

Walrus. Dredge. This (additional) contribution from Mr Neil Price, Australia (with appreciation, thankyou): Part of a letter written to my Grandfather by an Archie G Simms of Durban S A dated 14 November 1906 from Durban contains the following: “You may perhaps heard about the dredges Walrus and Octopus which were purchased by the Geelong Harbour Board – the Walrus left here several months ago & has not yet been heard of now being months overdue at your end, all hope of her ever reaching you being given up. The Octopus left here one Saturday morning & before going 24 hours met with rough weather and floundered the crew managed to launch two boats but struck the rocks & they were drowned, the Captains’ wife & two kiddies being drowned within a few yards of the shore, this happened just up the coast near Tongaat.”  Page 953.

Wanderer . Topside schooner. Reference AD is incorrect: this refers to a different vessel, not included in the Encyclopedia: see Wanderer, auxiliary schooner, 708/488 tons in Additional Vessels Listing. Page 954.

Waratah. Wooden 2-mast brigantine. ON 46462. Additional information and possible correction:  SMH 22/6/1864 lists, ‘Schooner Waratah left Newcastle on the 11th of June 1864, with a load of coal for Sydney, and was last seen trying to make it back to her point of departure - not heard of since.' [RM] Page 957.

William. Cutter, 22 tons. (Reg. Sydney 5/1851). Possible correction: SMH 4/6/1852 lists, ‘The favourite cutter William, 22 tons register , well known southern trading vessel .... now lies stranded on the Northern Heads of Botany Bay, lying in soft sand bank & could be repaired by a couple of men in a couple of days.' [RM] Page 975.

William Barry Brown. Schooner, 80 tons. ON 31787. Additional information and possible correction. SMH 21 May 1853 lists as 121 tons register. SMH 4 June 1853 lists as, ‘fore and aft schooner, 121 tons register, built 1843, length 69 ft, breadth 22ft 6in, depth of hold 7 ft 6in.' [RM] Page 977.SMH 26 July 1855 indoicates recent departure from Newcastle. [RM] Page 977.
 



 

 
CORRECTIONS, OMMISSIONS & ADDITIONAL INFORMATION and REFERENCES
- LISTED BY PAGE NUMBER.
Refer  to ship listing above for further details. 

Page 15.   Agnes. Schooner, 82 tons. ON 31587. Lost Cape Jaffa region, S.A..  Additional reference [JNC]
Page 26.   Alexander. Sloop 10/13 tons. Further information.
Page 31.   Alice. Cutter re where is Intercourse Island. 
Page 39.   Amelia. Wooden cutter, 15 to 20 tons. Date lost - 1828, or 1826.
Page 40.   America. Cutter. Additional information. 
Page 45.   Ann. Actual vessel not identified. Additional info re wrecks at Newcastle. 
Page 46.   Ann. Schooner, 53 tons. ON 32506. Probably change of date of loss.
Page 49.   Anna Maria. Wooden 2-mast schooner, 50 tons. Name change from Anne Maria, and further info. 
Page 53.   Annie Ogle. Brig. Additional information. 
Page 56.   Aphrasia. Wooden paddle steamer, 94 tons. ON 31610. Additionl or amended information.
Page 72.   Augustus. Barque, 138 tons. Sydney Herald, 10 November 1840, reports:  for Port Phillip. [RM]
Page 76.   Australian. Whaling Barque, listed as 306 tons. Further information. 
Page 129. Brunswick. Screw steamship, 174 tons. Lost manning River enrance 1886. Additional material. 
Page 144. Cape Jaffa. Fishing boat. Page 144. Additional reference. [JNC]
Page 175. City of Adelaide. Composite three-mast barque. Additional information - petition to save her.
Page 180. City of Rayville. Location found - aditional information. 
Page 188. Coimbatore. Iron barque, 1205/1122 tons. Additional material. 
Page 215. Cygnet. Schooner. ON 71759.  Additional material. See above.
Page 216. Cyprus. Brig, 108 tons. New reference. 
Page 246. Dunbar. Ship, 1321 tons, wrecked off Port Jackson heads 1857 - note, 1857, not 1858. 
Page 253. Earl of Charlemont. Ship, Additional reference [BLE]. 
Page 270. Elizabeth. Brig, 140 tons, lost Middleton Reef 1831. Several errors, and additional information: 
Page 309. Failford. Typos. 
Page 312. Falls of Halladale. Barque. Additional reference. 'The Diary of Jessie Scott Macgillivray'. [RJS] 
Page 314. Fanny. Brig, 223/198 tons. Duplicate entry and more info. 
Page 315. Fanny. Brig, ON 32266. Further information.
Page 328. Florence D. American supply ship. Additional information. 
Page 341. Frederick. Brig, 130 tons. New reference, SRT. 
Page 354. General Grant. Additional reference, book [MAKS]. 
Page 356. George The Third. Convict vessel. Additional reference - [MRG]. 
Page 362. Gitana. Three entries appear to refer to one vessel. 
Page 374. Governor Bourke. Schooner, 49 tons. Possible correction, or new vessel. 
Page 374. Governor Hunter. Wooden schooner, 35 tons. Lost 1816. Additional information.
Page 399. Hector. Wooden 2-mast schooner, 115 tons. Rewritten entry. 
Page 401. Helen McGregor. Steamer. Additional information and reference. 
Page 417. Hope. Barque, 231 tons. Correction and additional information. 
Page 423. I-124. Japanese submarine. Additional information. 
Page 433. Invincible. Composite paddle steamer, 84/44 tons. ON 93628. Additional information.
Page 449  Jane. Wooden sloop; last seen off Cape Hawke, June 1816. Additional information. 
Page 449. Jane . Cutter, 34 tons. Duplicate entries. 
Page 452. Jane Williams. Wooden cutter. Additional information
Page 453. Janet. Wooden schooner, 39 tons. #32663. Additional history information.
Page 462. John & Charlotte. Schooner, 93 tons. Additional information. 
Page 463. John Anderson. According to SMH, 2 October 1855, the vessel was a brig. 
Page 474. Julie Heyn. Circumstances of her loss. 
Page 475. Juno. Barque, 212 tons. Additional information. 
Page 483. Karrakatta. Steamship, lost WA 1901. Further reference: chapter in Pearls of the Past RFE. 
Page 516. Lady Stirling. Coastal trader/cutter, 25 tons. Additional information. 
Page 521. Lass of Geraldton. Schooner. Additional information. 
Page 530. Liberty. Schooner, 54 tons. Built 1849. Additional information. 
Page 530. Light of the Age. Additional mterial; on her original name.
Page 526. Leichardt. Steamer, on the Murray. Additional information. 
Page 553. Lucy Ann, schooner, 42 tons. Additional information.
Page 580. Margarret Brock. Margaret Brock Reef is north of Guichen Bay.
Page 582. Maria. Barque, 450 tons. Should be Marie, see page 584.
Page 609. Mayflower. Brigantine, 76 tons. ON 31666. Additional info. on stranding.
Page 642. Murray. Iron paddle-steamer. Lost entrance to Manning River 1886. Additional material. See Brunswick, page 129. 
Page 644. Myola. Iron steamship. Additional reference: JR. 
Page 658. Nereus. Brig, 124-74/94 tons Rescued the crew of the brig Belinda. Extra info. 
Page 667. Nora Creina.British built paddle steamer,  93 tons register, 140 tons burden. Further info. 
Page 668. Norfolk. Steamship. Re date of running under jury rig. 
Page 670. North America. American whaler, 260 tons. Further information on others wrecked same storm.
Page 675. Nyora. Steam Tug. ON 120760. Lost Cape Jaffa region, S.A., 9 July 1917. Additional reference 
Page 680. Octopus. Dredge. Additional information. 
Page 683. Oliver Frost. Brigantine, 150 tons. ON 40943. Date of loss and additional information
Page 683. Oliver van Nord. Actually Olivier van Noort.
Page 686. Onward. Wooden barque, 286 tons. Additional information.
Page 687. Our Hope. Brig, lost Oamaru, NZ, 1872. Additional information. 
Page 698. Pacific. Barque, 313 tons. Additional information and possible correction.
Page 701. Pandora. Additional Reference {PGP]. 
Page 705. Paterson. Wooden schooner, 48 tons. Additional information.
Page 714. Pericles. Twin-screw steel steamer. Additional information on present condition. 
Page 724. Pilot. Schooner, 1101 tons. Possibly same vessel as the following entry, ON 31784.
Page 727. Planet. Paddle steamer. Additional information re builder.
Page 734. Port Macquarie Packet. Schooner. Correction: Built 1835, not 1845.
Page 746. Prospector. Schooner. Possible correction to builder's name. 
Page 749. Quail. Ketch, 11 tons. Possible contradiction.
Page 763. Red Rover. Incorrect spelling of Belle Creole
Page 776. Robert Burns. Wooden schooner, 45 tons. Additional information.
Page 779. Rodney. Wooden Ship 877 tons. Additional information and possible correction.
Page 784. Rose of Eden. Wooden schooner, 50 tons. Additional information.
Page 789. Royal Charter. Additional reference, CLH. 
Page 794. Ruth. Cutter, 12 tons. Additional information.
Page 797. Salween. Wooden ship, 286 tons. Additional history information. 
Page 801. Sapphire. Barque, 255 tons. (No measurement listed in text). 
Page 807. Sarah Wilson. Indicated as brigantine, but SMH 15/4/1848 lists as schooner.
Page 831. Sir William Wallace. Brig, 225 tons. Additional information. 
Page 837. Sophia. The schooner listed by Loney [LN]: possible additional information. 
Page 851. St.Paul. Steamer, 1633 tons. Corrected information courtesy diver Chris Joyce.
Page 901. Three Sisters. Wooden coastal trader, cutter, 17 tons. Additional information: appears to have been salvaged.
Page 901. Thunderbird. Fishing boat.  Additional reference. 
Page 907. Tommy. Schooner, 59 tons. Additional information about construction.
Page 907. Toogooloo. Schooner, 101 tons. ON 106204. Additional information.
Page 914. Triton. Brig. Stranded at Port Fairy, Victoria. Additional information.
Page 923. Uncle Tom. Wooden schooner, 125 tons. ON 32509. Additional information.
Page 933. Venus. wooden brig, around 140 tons. Lost Alert Reef, 1 July 1829. Re Alert Reef = Lihou Reef. 
Page 933. Venus. Woodern 2-mast schooner, 28 tons. Lost Abrolhos islands, 1851. Additional information. 
Page 937. Victoria. Schooner, 29 tons. Lost Cape Jaffa region, SA., 9 June 1846. Additional reference 
Page 953. Walrus. Dredge. Additional information.
Page 954. Wanderer. Topsail schooner, 240 ton, thirteen guns.
Page 957. Waratah. Wooden 2-mast brigantine. ON 46462. Additional information and possible correction.
Page 975. William. Cutter, 22 tons. (Reg. Sydney 5/1851). Possible correction.
Page 977. William Barry Brown. Schooner, 80 tons. ON 31787. Additional information and possible correction. 
 
 



 
ADDITIONAL VESSELS
Vessels not listed in the Encyclopedia.

Acquarius. Screw steamer, water tanker. Was on the 26th of November 1857 lying a  considerable distance under water at the New Wharf, Pitt Street, (Sydney) after someone left the hose on filling its tank with fresh water. A diver got a chain underneath and it was expected to be raised on 27 November 1857. From  SMH - 27 November 1857. [From RM] Note: I am not happy with the name. Surely it is Aquarius? 

Andicott. American Whaler. Wrecked in the same storm as the Samuel Wright and North America, on 8 July 1840. The Andicott was anchored at Geography Bay, whereas the other two vessels were anchored at KGI (?) and were wrecked on Coobana Bay, Swan River. The Lady Sterling was also cleaned up by the same storm. From Perth Gazette, per Sydney
Herald 22 October 1840. [From RM] Note: This is a good example of how the press can get confused. Coobana Bay is not listed in Australian Government Gazette, and is no doubt Koombana Bay at Bunbury, just north of Geographe Bay, where the Samuel Wright and North America were indeed wrecked. Coobana Bay, Swan River is totally incorrect. Geography Bay is more than likely Geographe Bay at Busselton. KGI could refer to a King George Island but no ‘King George' nomenclature in the AG Gazette makes sence. 

Belle Creole. Barque, 269 tons. Built at Sunderland, UK, 1841; reg. Melbourne, ON 135/1853. Lbd 92.0 x 22.6 x 15.7ft. From Wellington, New Zealand on 24 August 1855 for Melbourne, with a complement of twenty-three passengers and fourteen crew, stranded, wrecked, on the Vansittart Shoals, 10 miles from Vansittart Island on 6 September 1855; abandoned vessel on 7 September 1855. After five hours rowing all hands landed safely on Vansittart or Gun-carriage
Island, Furneaux Group and were looked after by two residents on that island. From there in the boats to Long Island, Clarke's Island, reaching Swan Island on 11 September 1855.  Here they spent nearly two weeks before the master, mate and passengers were picked up on 23 September 1855 by the schooner Swordfish from Hobart Town, and landed at Geelong; the others were later picked up by another vessel. The Belle Creole was wrecked at the same place and within twenty four hours of, the schooner Red Rover. [TS1],[LF] Also SMH, 5 October 1855. [From RM] Note: This vessel is listed on the website but ommitted in error from the Encyclopedia (book).

Chindera. Dredge. The Manning River Times newspaper 15 May, 1929, reports: Another pioneer dredge, the “Chindera”, will meet a similar fate off Tweed Heads. An electric pump dredge and two hopper barges under construction at Walsh Island, will be  welcome additions to the dredging fleet of the Public Works Department. The 'similar fate' refered to is the scuttling of the vessel. [RWG]

Corio. Steamer. River Murray Steam Navigation Company. Captain Germain. With a cargo of 191 bales of wool was stranded on Pullen's Spit at the mouth of the Murray while attempting to go out on an ebbing tide. Letter dated 16 October - referred to Friday last, which apparently would have been 9 October 1857. It was hoped that she would be got off. From SMH, 30 October 1857. [From RM]

Caroline. Brig. Captain Goodin. Travelling from Hobart Town to Port Phillip was wrecked on Swan Island in Bass Strait on December 7 1839. All hands saved, cargo lost. Ref:  Sydney Herald,  27 December 1839. [From RM]

Donna Sidra.   I have a copy of a letter from the Admiral of the fleet to Marshall Perron (one time Chief Minister of the Northern Territory, but also a mad keen diver). The letter outlines the location of the Donna Sidra (I may not have the spelling right). It was to be about 10,000 tons and went down in WWII off Bathurst Island with a hole in the bow. It was supposed to have a cargo of small arms, in crates but packed in grease. (From David Bromwich, Northern Territory). 

Fortune. Convict transport. After its second voyage out, bringing convicts, left the Colony of 
NSW in Sept 1813 and was never heard of again. From State Archives of NSW reel 6045 : 4/1734 pp122-3 indicated in an item dated 15 March 1816. [From RM]

Grouper. Bucket dredge, ON191415. Built 1953. Owned by Queensland Harbours & Marine. Sold. Out of service August 1979 and scuttled at Tangalooma February 1982. The machine displayed by Queensland Maritime Museum was one of three auxiliary engines from the Scottish-built bucket dredge Groper which worked along the river and elsewhere from 1954-74. Her dredging unit, which was powered by steam from oil-fired boilers, was capable of reaching 50 feet down. In the 1980s she joined other Tangalooma wrecks which form the breakwater at Moreton Is – from which the engine parts were brought back across the bay and restored. She was the namesake of an earlier Groper, a steam-driven bucket dredge built specially for deepening the river bar and channel. Page 382.

Lansdowne. Dredge, see Pluto, dredge, below as new listing.

Lawrence Brown. Vessel type not indicated. Of 872 tons. Stranded in north harbour opposite Manly Beach. Safely towed off by tug Washington on 14 December 1857. From SMH, 15 December 1857. [From RM]

Leviathan. Ketch. Run aground on a sand bar far off Mandurah' shore (WA) in 1921. Its hull is visible to divers about 1.5km offshore. [WA Museum website] 

Manhou. Portuguese ship 1125 tons. Captain Bordidino, also owner. Refloated but later broken up after she ran on to a reef off Port Willunga, 15 August 1857. She was 114 days out from Hong Kong to Guichen Bay with 338 Chinese.  [LS] SMH 31 August 1857 records as Manhow, ashore on Aldinga Beach, 3.30 am 17 August 1857, near Port Willunga. Refloated but ashore again and lost. [From RM]. Note: initial entry on the website but not in the Encyclopedia. 

Manhow. See Manhou. 

Maryborough. A wooden hull coastal ship, sank at moorings in the Brisbane River, South Brisbane circa 1973. [Thankyou KB]

Nor 6. Prawn trawler. Skipper Jack Drinan. On her maiden voyage , sank near Steep Point, on the mainland south of the passage between the mainland and the southern point of Dirk Hartog Island (near Denham), Western Australia, in April 1963. The skipper managed to survive by clinging to the vessel'ss ice box, but the bodies of the three other crew were never found. Strong easterly winds took Drinan out to sea for fourteen days  before he was eventually blown back toward shore and rescued. [Referenced from book Shark Bay - Twin Bays on the Edge.]

Pluto. Dredge.  The following article appeared in the Manning River Times newspaper on 8 May, 1929 ....
The Pluto aka Lansdowne - Scuttled of the Manning Bar. A scuttling incident occurred off the Manning Bar on Thursday last, with a dredge that had been lying in the Manning River for years, was sent to its doom. The dredge in question was formerly known as the Pluto, the name of which was changed many years ago to Lansdowne. It had for years been out of use and had been lying at the Cundle Dock. The Department having decided upon its destruction, the order had come forth for its execution. The dredge Tethys which was to take the principal part in the matter, arrived in the Manning River on Wednesday for the purpose of escorting the Lansdowne to its doom. The Tethys, on arrival, proceeded up the river and returned to Harrington the same afternoon, with the Lansdowne in tow. Thursday was beautifully fine and the sea calm. The bar was crossed at 10 a.m. and after steaming about 3 or 4 miles to sea, the sea-cocks of the Lansdowne were opened, and the doomed craft settled down in about half-an-hour in 40 fathoms of water, after turning over and up-ending. The “execution” was completed by about 1 o’clock, and the Tethys returned to the Macleay River.  [RWG]

Redbill.  Pearling lugger. Launched  Fremantle 1904. Sunk in 2000 off Broome by tropical
cyclone Rosita. As HMAS Redbill,  of the Lugger Maintenance Service, at Japanese attack on Darwin. [KL]

Seahound 11. Fishing vessel. Sank 20 March 1988, at 0200 hrs, 9.2 NM from Pelorus Island at the top of the Palm Island group in North Queensalnd. Skipper GarryWebb and two crew spent 17 hours in the water and eventually ended up on Brook Island. Sank due to splitting a weld. [Info courtesy Garry Webb, 2/3/08, email.]

Talisman II. Appears to have been lost on Middleton Reef, and thus one of many unidentified wrecks. Informatuion provided privately, based on newspaper report.The owner of Talisman II was W.J.("Bill") Lange, an American who lived in Sydney at the time. This from contributor Lizzie Fry:
It's not really relevant to the actual sinking of Talisman, but you might find this amusing/interesting anyway.   Bill Lange had earlier sailed Talisman from Sydney to NZ via Tasmania.  Probably early 1976 as he was back in Sydney by the end of April.  He sailed singlehandedly down to Tasmania and was told by locals not to attempt the crossing to NZ at that time of year, but he did anyway. Somewhere between Tas and NZ the boat was hit by something - he didn't know if it was a whale, a large wave or garbage, but it threw him across the cabin - his neck connected with the corner of the table (which
was fixed to the floor).  He was injured but managed to get up on deck to find the self steering was cactus, plus other damage to the boat. The rest of the trip he had to steer manually and could only  race down below if there was a lull in the weather, in order to get cold snacks to sustain himself. When he finally got close enough to a small coastal NZ town - he called the local coastguard and asked if they could come out and tow him in as he wasn't sure he would be able to safely navigate in by himself. He flew back to Sydney to arrange repairs, and talked a couple of friends into accompanying him from NZ to Fiji, but after repairs were completed and they started up the coast of NZ, something decided them not to continue and he was left to complete the journey solo. He met a young woman in Fiji who was prepared to accompany him back to Sydney. It was on the way back to Sydney that they ran aground on Middleton Reef. I understand she was on watch at the time. I think they were not on the boat too long before a passing Japanese trawler? rescued them.  Bill wanted to try to get some of the electronic equipment out before they left but the trawler said they wouldn't wait, so he was unable to salvage anything at that time.  Last I heard was that he was still trying to find someone to help him salvage the boat.  I never heard that it was salvaged though. [Thankyou to EMF].

Thomas Laurie. Vessel type not indicated. Ashore under the heads (apparently at Launceston, Tasmania), ‘two or three days ago', according to Launceston Examiner, 10/1/1833, and Sydney Gazette, 26/1/1833. [RM]. 

Victory. Schooner. From 'Grafton Argus' newspaper, dated 5 May, 1875: We learn from intelligence received at the Telegraph Office, that another wreck has occurred at the Richmond River Heads - the Victory, schooner, when entering that port went ashore on the north spit, and it is expected that it will become a total wreck. All hands were saved. [RWG]

Wanderer. Auxiliary schooner, 708/488 tons. Built by R.Steel & Co., Greenock, UK, 1879. Lbd 185.4 x 29.2 x 16.1 ft. ".. The most modern, most luxurious steam yacht ever built... she was the epitome of luxury travel". Designed to carry just one family on a world cruise, she had a crew of over fifty - and a parrot. Initialy owned by the wealthy Charles Joseph Lambert, she went through a number of ownership and name changes - Vagus, Consuelo, Investigator, and finally Sea Lark III in 1920 when sold to Patrick Steamship Co., of Sydney. She ended her days as a tramp steamer, and was finally scrapped around 1925. [#AD] (Additional vessel - from A.B.Demaus,  'RYS Wanderer'.) 



 
MYSTERY SHIPWRECKS

QUEENSLAND.
Stradbroke Island Galleon. Under the peat of the 18 Mile Swamp on North Stradbroke Island, Queensland lie the remains of a mysterious shipwreck, built of European oak, known as the Stradbroke Island Galleon. In Queensland in the 19th century a few whites and certain Stradbroke Aborigines knew the shipwreck's location but over the years this important historic knowledge has been lost. This entry from Greg Jefferys, whose website http://www.stradbrokeislandgalleon.com lists details and thoughts on this wreck, and other mystery wrecks in Australian waters. A book on the galleon is available from the website. The website also offers details on a mystery wreck at Facing Island off Gladstone, and at Suffolk Park between Broken Head and Byron Bay. 

NORTHERN TERRITORY
David Bromwich of Queensland advises: 'I may have a shipwreck that is not listed on your web pages (thus nor the book). In the 1960’s a small ship foundered just off the Point Charles lighthouse near Darwin. I was told the ship used to be a lighthouse tender around 110-120 feet long and was converted to a trawler. I was told it mistook the Point Charles lighthouse for a navigation mark. Some irony. The wreck was visible at low tide and the engine block and anchor chains were still there in the late 70’s. I savaged some lead and one of the anchors from the wreck in the early 80’s. At that stage the engine block was still there.  The anchor was outside a local ship’s chandlers for several years, then my parents garden for many years and then at the Darwin Sailing club for at least 10 years'. David is seeking details of the wreck. 
 
 



 
 

 


 
 
ADDITIONAL SHIPWRECK MATERIAL, BY GENERAL LOCATION.
This section includes reference to new publications, or publications otherwise not included in the Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks, which relate to a specific region. These publications generally provide many shipwreck references which are thus not separately listed above by vessel name. 

Curtin Artifical Reef. Moreton Bay. Comment only - This should have been listed in more detail. There are fifteen vessels listed at the artificial reef site. Not all of the vessels are listed in the Encyclopedia. 

Southern Queensland. See additional reference [TJ]. 

Tasmanian vessels.  See Additional Reference [IW]

Victoria - East Coast shipwrecks. See Additional Reference [DJJ]

Brisbane Water, NSW. See additional reference [GD]

Northern Territory. See additional reference [PC]. 

Port Phillip Heads.  See additional reference [SBBW].

Victoria - Ship's Graveyard. See additional reference [RTW]

Whitsunday Islands, region.  See additional reference [RB]
 



ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON LOCATIONS

Intercourse Island. Off north-west Western Australia, latitude 20 degrees 39', longitude 116 degrees 38', which places it west of Port Hedland in the Dampier Archipelago. 

Wallace Island. This is referenced in the book with an indication that its location is unknown. Mr CH advises by email that it is in Queensland, at latitude 21 degrees 36 minutes south, longitude 149 degrees 46 minutes 58 seconds east, which would put it not far off Macky. 



 
ADDITIONAL REFERENCES 
These are recent publications, or recently 'discovered' publications not included in the book Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks. Alphabetic order on surname of author, commencing with reference code used in this update (and future editions of the Encyclopedia). 

AH - Hoehling, A.A. LOST AT SEA. Published by Rutledge Hill Press, USA, 1984, 1999. Covers eight ships that have been lost at sea or mysteriously destroyed. The one of specific interest with respect to the Encyclopedia is the loss of the passenger liner Waratah, off the coast of South Africa in 1909. 

AR - Robertson, A.M. S.S.WAUCHOPE, WRECK OF THE CORSAIR, S.S.ALERT.  Published by Nepean Historical Society, Sorrento, Victoria, no date. A5 saddle-stapled booklet, 7 pages, no illustrations, no index. 

BLE - Latter, Brian. BREAKERS AHEAD .... WRECK OF THE EARL OF CHARLEMONT. Self published, 2002, revised 2008. A4 size, perfect bound, soft cover, mono photos, charts, documents, newspapeer reproductions, index. An excellent comprehensive discourse on the wooden three-masted ship which was lost near Barwon Heads, Victoria in 1853. Available from the author, 35 Mollers Lane, Leopold, Victoria 3224.

BLL - Leek, Bob. LIGHTERS AND SHIPS (Converted Into Floating Docks, Bathing Ships and Bethal Ships of Port Phillip Bay). Self-published, St.Helens, Tasmania, 2006. Softcover, A5 size, 152 pages, mono photos and seven colour photographs, index.  Another excellent reference for the not-so-glamourous ships of Port Phillip, and yet so important for the active commerce of Melbourne. A very useful reference to answer the 'what happened to it', questions. 

BLP - Leek, Bob. SAIL TRADERS OF PORT PHILLIP AND VICTORIA. Volume 1. Softcover book, 162 pages. Covers about 350 vessels in some detail including of course their demise. Details have not been included in this update. 

BLSH - Leek, Bob.  SHIPWRECKS AND INCIDENTS RELATING TO THE PORT OF ST.HELENS AND UP TO EDDDYSTONE POINT. Self-published with Peter Taylor, St Helens, Tasmania,2006. Softcover, A5 size, 58 pages, mono prints and six colour photographs, no index. A very useful reference for the locality. 

CJ. - Jones, Colin. AUSTRALIAN COLONIAL NAVIES. Published by Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1986. Softcover, 177 pages, a few mono prints, line drawings of all vessels, bibliographic notes, index. Excellent coverage of the pre-Federation vessels oprated by the colonys in Australia. 

CLH - Holden, Chris and Lesley. LIFE AND DEATH ON THE 'ROYAL CHARTER'. The True Story of a Treasure Ship Wrecked at Anglesey. Calgo Publications, Chester, UK, 2009. Softcover, 288 pages, mono and colour prints, photographs, charts. Bibliography, no index. A recent, superbly researched book on this most famous 'Austraalia Run' shipwreck in 1859. 

COO - A SHIPWRECK GAVE ITS NAME - THE STORY OF THE COOLANGATTA.  Compiled and published by the Shoalhaven Historical Society, Nowra, NSW. No date. ISBN 0 9599680 2 4. Booklet, A5 size, 8 pages, two mono prints on back cover. 

DJJ - Jordan, D.J. EAST COAST SHIPWRECKS - A Thematic Historical Survey. Maritime Heritge Unit, Heritage Victoria, October 1995. ISBN 0 7306 8690 6. Softcover, square-back bound, A4 size, 303 pages, mono photographs, index. Concerns itself with the east coast of Victoriafrom Cape Schanck through to Mallcoota, including some three hundred shipwreck entries. Set out in formal style giving ship and loss details, and comment. An excellent reference. Includes primary references. 

DJO - Jolly, Dick. WRECK, RESCUE & SALVAGE. Whittles Publishing, Scotland, 2007. Softcover, 154 pages, mono and colour plates. Author is an Australian tug master and salvage expert living on the NSW coast. Although most of the vssels mentioned are (near) overseas, it is a most relevant book as it is by an Australian salvage expert. As the blurb states, 'A rare insight into the little-known world of deep-sea towing and mrine salvage.'

GD - Dundon, Gwen. THE SHIPBUILDERS OF BRISBANE WATER, NSW. Self published, East Gosford, NSW, 1997. Hardcopver (laminated boards), 336 pages, many mono photographs, name index, ship index, general index. Some eight hundred vessels are listed under their respective builders, with extensive biography of the ship builders, and a potted history and detail of the ships including their demise. This is one of the fionest researched and useful local history books I have read, a wonderful contribution to our maritime hsitory. Available through Gosford City Library, NSW - goscitylib@gosford.nsw.gov.au

GPR - Painter, Gwenda. THE RIVER TRADE, WOOL & STEAMERS. Photographs from the Godson Collection. Turton & Armstrong, 1979. Softcover, 104 pages, mono prints, references, index. Looks at the river steamers, trade and life on the Murray, Murrumbidgee and Darling systems. Not referenced.

HDW - Drake-Brockman, Henrietta. THE WICKED AND THE FAIR. Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1957. Hardcover, 379 pages. An account of the wreck of the Batavia in the Abrolhos Islands. The preceeds the award-winning Voyage to Disaster by Drake-Brockman, published in 1964, also on the loss of the Batavia in 1629. 

HSA - Sampson, Helen. ONE SHIP, TWO NAMES, THREE VOYAGES.  The Story of the Sirius. Self published, Norfolk Island, 2006. Saddle stiched softcover of 54 pages, bibliography, coliur prints and charts. The Sirius was lost off Norfolk Island in 1790. 

IW -  Walker, Ian. TALL SHIPS AND CANNIBALS. The Story of Captain Richard Copping of Hobart Town. Navarine Publishing, Hobart (Roebuck Series No. 60), 2006. ISBN 0 9751331 1 X. Hardcover, dustjacket, 160 pages, mono prints, bibliography, index. Covers the rags to riches story of the illegitimate son of a Van Diemen's Land convict woman who rose to commasnd some of Tasmania's most prestigious ships in the 19th century. Some one hundred and ten vessels are mentioned. A very important addition to our knowledge of maritime history. 

JNC -  Nicholson, John.  CAPE JAFFA. Its Memorial to Seafarers, Fishermen and Lightkeepers.
Self published, 2002, Millicent, South Australi. ISBN 0 9580676 0 0. Softcover, 64 pages, high gloss quality, mono photographs, glossary. Local histories such as this excellent publication add so much to our general and maritime knowledge, as they tend to be very personal, and authoritative. This fine book covers the loss of three vessels, Victoria, Agnes and Nyora, and mentions Starling, Thunderbird and Cape Jaffa. 

JFW - Loney, Jack. FAMOUS WRECKS, Maritime History Publications, Portalington, Vic, no date. ISBN 0 909191 30 1. Softcover115 pages, mono prints. Covers several major south-east Australia wrecks: Mahongany Ship, Admella, Loch Ard, Ly-Ee-Moon, Fiji, Australia, Casino. Does no add to the data already known as these wrecks have been written up by th author in separate booklets, and in other publications. Not sure how I missed this one - must be rather scarce. 

JR - Riley, John and Peter Fields. MYOLA - SYDNEY'S LAST SHIPWRECK. ISBN 0 646 24815 4. Published by the authors, Sydney, 1995. Softcover, 102 pages. Mono images and drawings. The Myola was a typical east-coast collier, lost 1919 with four crew. This detailed book gives a description of the vessel and irs subsequent discovery as a wreck off the NSW coast near Newcastle, the diving and recovery of artifacts. 

KL. - Lance. Kate. REDBILL - From Pearls to Peace - The Life and Times of a Remarkable
Lugger. Fremantle. 2004. Fremantle Arts Centre Press.399 pp with 5 maps, 2 plans of the pearling lugger Redbill and 93 b/w photos. Pictorial soft cover. IDBN 920731423.

LKI - Loney, Jack. SHIPWRECKS ON KANGAROO ISLAND. Probably pubplished by Marine History Publications, Port Srlington; no date. Specially prepared by the author for [articipants in the Council of Adult Education Tour of Kangaroo Island and not for general sale. This a rather rare booklet, 13 pages, mono prints, A5 size. 

MAKS - Allen, Madelene Ferguson, and Ken Scadden. THE GENERAL GRANT'S GOLD - SHIPWRECK AND GREED IN THE SOUTHERN OCEAN. Exile Publishing, Auckland, NZ, 2009. Softcover, 192 pages, mono and colour photographs and prints, maps, index, bibliography, apprendix of expeditions, chapter notes.  Wrecked in the Auckland Islands 1866. Excellent up-to-date coverage. Page 354. 

MRG - Roe, Michael. AN IMPERIAL DISASTER - THE WRECK OF "GEORGE THE THIRD". Blubber Head Press, Hobart 2006. Hardcover, dustjacket, 294 pages, index, bibliography, notes, photographs (artifacts), survivor lists and subsequent life, convict list and details. Now the definitive work on this convict wreck off the south-east coast of Tasmania in 1835. 

MVH - Rich, Despina (ed). DOWN TO THE SEA IN SHIPS. A History of Sea and River Watercraft Built on the Manning River. Manning River Historical Society, 2002. Several contributors and researchers. ISBN 1 876284 29 3. A4 size, softcover, stapled book of 64 pages, mono photos. An excellent local history with details on local shipbuilders, and an A-Z listing of their ships which includes an indication of their demise. 

PC - Clark, Paul. (Ed). TEN SHIPWRECKS OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORY. Six authors. Published in conjunction with the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin, 2008. Softcover, 74 pages, good quality mono images, maps and drawings. The vessels are: Young Australia, Brisbane, Ellengowan, Australian, Sanyo Maru, I-124 (submarine), USS Peary, USAT Don Isidro, A24-1 flying boat, Booya. A fine publication, clear and detailed. 

PGP - Gesner, Peter. PANDORA - AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE. Published by Queensland Museum, South Brisbane.  First published 1991, updated and reprinted 2000. Softcover, 60 pages, mono and colour prints, drawings and charts. After a brief history, covers the discovery and archaelogical work on the vessel, and the raising, conservation and display of material. Page 701. 

PPC - Plowman, Peter. COAST TO COAST. The Great Australian Coastal Liners.Rosenberg Publishing Pty Ltd., NSW, 2007.  Softcover, A4 size, 196 pages, index, mainly mono but some colour plates. Covers the coastal steamers on two main Australian routes, between Sydney and Fremantle; and from Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane to Northern Queensland ports. Here are some 200 ships which have givn great service to Australia. Some unfortunately now lie on the seabed, hence the relevance to the Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks; too many to list here, so if researching on an Australian coastal ship, this excellent book  is a must reference. 

PTM - Taylor, Peter. THE AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND LIST OF VESSELS LOST, MISSING OR TAKEN FROM ACTIVE SERVICE 1874-1949. Dover Publications, Melbourne, 2006. Softcover, oblong A5 size, 183 pages. Seven thousand entries, a single line for each vessel showing name, rig, tonnage, Port of Registery, Date of Build, Particular and Date, Registration reference, ie the year of the Register of Australian and New Zealand Shipping used as the base reference. Taylor has done a remarkable effort in taking out the drudgeery of combing all the register books and compiling the details into one very useful reference. A manuscript list of this book was supplied by Taylor to author Peter Stone for use in the Encyclopedia of Australian Shipwrecks. 

RA - Alexander, Roy. THE CRUISE OF THE RAIDER 'WOLF'. Angus & Robertson Limited, Sydney and London, 1941. Hardcover, printed boards, several editions. No index. Relevant to Australian shipwrecks because of the mining operations of the German vessel during World War 1 in which several vessels were lost or damaged due to mines in Australian waters: Cumberland, Port Kembla, Wimmera, Undola. [Refer page 984 for details on the Wolf.]

RB - Blackwwood, Robert. THE WHITSUNDAY ISLANDS, AN HISTORICAL DICTIONARY. Central Queenslamd University Press, Rockhampton, 1997. Softcover, A4 size, 284 pages, mono prints and maps, historic entries listed in alphabetic order. Extensive appendix on shipwrecks covering fifty pages, with most research obtained through contemporary newspapers - an excellent local reference. The book is now scarce to purchace but generally aavailable within the library system. 

RFE - Ferguson, Richard. PEARLS OF THE PAST. A Biography of one of Australia's Pioneers. Published by author, Applecross, WA, 2001. ISBN 0 9579207 0 9. A most interesting book, with much on the parling trade early 20th century. Includes a chapter on th loss of the steamship Karrakatta 1901. 

RJS - Stevens, Richard and Jenny. THE WRECK OF THE FALLS OF HALLADALE - THE DIARY OF JESSIE SCOTT MACGILLIVRAY. Self published, 2008. A4 size, comb-binding, 64 pages, appears photocopied, mono photos. The editors haave supplemented the diary with appropriate photographs and documents. The author of the diary lived in the districct where the wreck occured in 1908. Copies available from R. Stevens, 970 Peterborough Road, Timboon, Vic 3268.

RWG. Gow, Rod and Wendy. Newspaper archivists and indexers. Cundletown, NSW. Many contributions through extracts from local newspapers. 

RPA - Parsons, Ron and Geoff Plunkett. SCUTTLED AND ABANDONED SHIPS IN AUSTRALIAN WATERS. A small but most useful softcover stapled booklet of just 55 pages with some 500 ships listed as per the title. Self published, Murray Bridge, South Australia, 1995, and revised 1998.  It is well out of print and difficult to find. It was not available to the author when the Encyclopedia was created, and has not been referenced for this update.  Index.

RPSA - Parsons, Ron. SHIPWRECKS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA. BOOK 1.  (1836-1875). A5 squareback bound booklet, 80 pages, a few mono illustrations, index; traditional type, photocopy quality. It would have been handy to have this book during preparation of the index but it is rather rare. 

RTW - Ryan, Mark, Peter Taylor and Mick Whitmore. VICTORIA'S SHIPS' GRAVEYARD. Scuttlebutt Press, Newport, Victoria, 2009. Hardcover, dustjacket, 159 pages, mono prints, references, index. Covers forty-eight ships and submarines scuttled in the ship's graveyard outside Port Phillip Heads. Includes GPS bearings. Covers the details of the vessels, its history and scuttling. No diving information. 

SBBW - Bugg, Stan and Bob Wealthy. SHIPWRECKS AROUND PORT PHILLIP HEADS. A Comprehensive Scuba Diver's Guide. Oceans Enterprises, Yarram,Vic, 2007. First edition by J.L.Publications, Melbourne 1995. Softcover, 94 pages, mono prints, charts. Provides GPS and visual bearings of some thirty ships and submarines wrecked or scutted at or near the entrance to Port Phillip. Provides brief historical data, and diving details. 

SL - WRECK OF THE LONDON. .No author listed. Published by Sampson, Low, Son and Marston, London. 1866. Page 544. Additional reference. 

SRT - Rees, Sian. THE SHIP THIEVES. Hodder Australia, Sydney, 2005. Softcover paperback, 231 pages, index, sources. "The amazing tale and unfortunate life of James Porter - Australian convict, pirate and master mriner"... who on 13 January 1834 stole the newly launched brig Frederick at Hobart and sailed her across the Pacific. 

TJ - Jackson, Trevor. WRECK DIVING IN SOUTHERN QUEENSLAND. Self published, Queensland, no date (circa 2006). Softcover, 208 pages, mono prints. An  personal record of diving the many wrecks of southern Queensland. Includes history vessel, and conservation procedures for artifacts. An excellent reference, especially for divers.

WH - Hirst, William. THE MAN WHO STOLE THE CYPRUS. Rosenberg Publishing , Sydney, 2008. Softcover paperback, 224 pages, index, bibliography, notes, a few colour plates. In 1829 the government brig Cyprus was sheltering in Recherch Bay, Van Diemens Land, when she was captured by eighteen convicts under William Swallow, a life prisoner. The Cyprus ended up being scuttled off the coast of China. This is her story. 

DOCUMENTS

Forster NSW Shipwrecks - 31 May 1897. Otto Peetoom, Yorkshire, England. Four-page pdf file of five vessels (four lost) in storm at Forster: Favorite, Bell Bird, Ability, Osprey, Sir George.

FURTHER ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This section will be added to as the necessity arises, due to an ommission of due acknowledgement in the printed Encyclopedia, or for post publication assistance.
Keith Boulton. On Curtin Artifical Reef.
Tim Crampton. See Jane, and Governor Hunter
Robert Duncan of South Australia. See Invincible
Lyn & Mike Dyson. Website on Charles Eaton: www.charleseaton.com.au 
Campbell Ford, researcher. Re Light of the Age original name.
Elizabeth Fry. Re Talisman II on Middleton Reef. 
Rod and Wendy Gow, Cundletown, NSW. For encouragement, info on Manning River ships, and other vessels. [reference RWG]
Chris Hamerton. Re location of Wallace Island.
Steve Hutcheon. Re location Intercourse Island. 
Ron Madden. Acknowledged in the Encyclopedia, and continuing to provide useful additional material. 
John Nicholson, Millicent, South Australia, for further information on Cafe Jaffa vessels, and Julie Heyn. See also ref JNC.
Ron Parsons, South Australia. Many corrections and additions, not all listed as yet. 
Lance Paterson. Re Oliver van Noord.
Neil Price, Australia. See dredges Octopus and Walrus
Peter Roach.Winnipeg, Canada. See Coimbatore. Iron barque, 1205/1122 tons. 
Gerdi Schot, Rotterdam Maritime Museum. 
David Hamilton, re Dunbar date of loss. 
Raymond Warren, Brisbane, re cutter America
Brian Latter, Leopold, Victoria re book 'Earl of Charlemont'.
Richard and Jenny Stevens, Timboon, Vic, re Falls of Halladale additional reference. 
Greg Jefferys, re Hope and Queensland mystery wrecks. 
David Bromwich, re mystery wreck off Point Charles lighthouse, NT., and others. 
Chris Kinman, re two Moreton Bay dredges by name of Groper.
Otto Peetoom, Master Mariner, Yorkshire, England, re loss of vessels at Cape Hawke Bay, NSW, 31 May/ 1 June 1897. 
Chris Joyce, diver, re St. Paul depth. 
Chris and Lesley Holden, authors of major reference CLH. 


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For BOOKS on shiprecks and ships, link on the image right, or go direct to:
AUSTRALIAN SHIPWRECKS
MARITIME ARCHAEOLOGY
MARITIME HISTORY
SHIPS AND SHIPPING
TREASURE WRECKS
WORLD SHIPWRECKS
 
Last update: 27 July 2009